narcissism


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Related to narcissism: narcissist, sociopath

narcissism

(närsĭs`ĭzəm), Freudian term, drawn from the Greek myth of Narcissus, indicating an exclusive self-absorption. In psychoanalysis, narcissism is considered a normal stage in the development of children. It is known as secondary narcissism when it occurs after puberty, and is said to indicate a libidinal energy directed exclusively toward oneself. A degree of narcissism is considered normal, where an individual has a healthy self-regard and realistic aspirations. The condition becomes pathological, and diagnosable as a personality disorder, when it significantly impairs social functioning. An individual with narcissistic personality disorder tends to harbor an exaggerated sense of his own self-importance and uniqueness. He is often excessively occupied with fantasies about his own attributes and potential for success, and usually depends upon others for reinforcement of his self-image. A narcissist tends to have difficulties maintaining healthy interpersonal relationships, stemming largely from a lack of empathy and a propensity for taking advantage of others in the interest of self-aggrandizement. It is often found in combination with antisocial personality disorder.

narcissism

a stage of psychosexual development and a pathological psychological state, taken by some social theorists to describe late twentieth-century Western culture. Based on the Greek mythological character Narcissus (or Narkissos ), who fell in love with his own image as reflected in a spring and whose fate was to fall in and drown, the term has been widely used by psychological theorists and practitioners and social theorists.

In psychoanalytical terms, narcissism refers to a phase of self-love in which the sexual object of desire is the self, representing a regression. The work of post-Freudians, particularly Melanie KLEIN, helped explain the precise process by which this is converted to a continuing disorder. Klein's research with children showed that, in early stages, a child makes no distinction between his/her ego and the surrounding environment. Failure to qualify this in later stages locks the individual into a kind of fusion of self with object images. The inability to differentiate between fantasy arid reality may lead the individual to internalize images of beauty youth, wealth and omnipotence, a ‘grandiose’ conception of the self, which acts as a defence against all that seems bad in the environment.

Sociologically, the term is most recently associated with Christopher Lasch's The Culture of Narcissism (1991). Lasch employs the concept to characterize a profound cultural change in which a particular ‘therapeutic outlook and sensibility’ has come to exert an all-pervading effect on modern society. This outlook reinforces ‘a pattern created by other cultural influences, in which the individual endlessly examines himself for signs of ageing and ill health, for telltale symptoms of psychic stress, for blemishes and flaws that might diminish his attractiveness’. There are obvious connections, but also important differences of emphasis, between Lasch's thesis and GIDDENS (1991) proposal of identity crises in late modern society, where an intensified focus on the body and its presentation is a way of creating, sustaining and stabilizing the self (see Shilling, 1993). Thus, for Giddens, unlike Lasch, contemporary ‘regimes of the body’ are often positive.

narcissism

[′när·sə‚siz·əm]
(psychology)
Excessive self-love.

narcissism

, narcism
1. an exceptional interest in or admiration for oneself, esp one's physical appearance
2. sexual satisfaction derived from contemplation of one's own physical or mental endowments
References in periodicals archive ?
Prior to the tests, preliminary analyses were carried out to reveal the zero-order correlations, means, and standard deviations among the nine observed variables including primary capacities and narcissism, which are reported in Table 1.
"There have been suggestions of links between narcissism and the use of visual postings on social media, such as Facebook, but, until this study, it was not known if narcissists use this form of social media more, or whether using such platforms is associated with the subsequent growth in narcissism.
"People are very keen to use the word narcissism to describe something is negative but that is nonsensical.
It was anticipated college students who engaged in an EDI would have higher levels of callous ness and narcissism, than college students who did not report having engaged in an EDI.
Skeptical of the view that all millennials have the same personalities, they believed that only those individuals high in narcissism would show teamwork problems due to their "dysfunctional and disruptive behaviours".
With respect to Narcissism the t-test value obtained was found to be significant [t (158) = 25.174 (p<0.01)] indicating that males and females differ significantly with respect to the factor of Narcissism.
AGE-APPROPRIATE AND INAPPROPRIATE EXPRESSIONS OF NARCISSISM IN OLDER/YOUNGER PEOPLE.
a photo that was taken by a third person, had an impact on perceived narcissism. Participants' levels of narcissism were pre-tested and then their perception of other users' levels of narcissism were measured using point scales with options from "strongly agree" to "strongly disagree" on statements like, "She liked to be the center of attention." The second experiment tested whether the user's popularity and the popularity of the photo itself.
Keywords: Medical student, Narcissism, Narcissistic Personality Inventory, Procrastination, Irrational Procrastination Scale.
status update frequency predicted their narcissism.The study's conclusion also found that some Social media activities, such as chatting, encourage some aspects of empathy.
Capitalizing on the emperor's narcissism, they come up with the lie and pretty soon they get everyone caught in the web of lies.