narrow-spectrum antibiotic


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narrow-spectrum antibiotic

[′nar·ō ¦spek·trəm ‚ant·i‚bī′äd·ik]
(microbiology)
An antibiotic effective against a limited number of microorganisms.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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Results show that more than a quarter (27.3 percent) of children used antibiotics with 12.8 percent using broad-spectrum antibiotics and 18.5 percent using narrow-spectrum antibiotics. (3) Penicillins were the most commonly prescribed class of antibiotics as 16.9 percent of children used any penicillin and 15.1 percent used a narrow-spectrum penicillin.
In most cases, broad- and narrow-spectrum antibiotics both contributed to overall differences in antibiotic use across groups defined by individual- and family-level characteristics.
"I think we can pretty confidently say that if it's uncomplicated CAP--if there's no pleural effusion, no necrosis, no cavitation--you can treat with narrow-spectrum antibiotics, as the likelihood of [S.
Narrow-spectrum antibiotics (eg, amoxicillin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, or tetracycline) are recommended as first-line agents.
SAN DIEGO -- Narrow-spectrum antibiotics yield outcomes that are at least comparable to, if not better than, broad-spectrum antibiotics when prescribed to children with appendicitis, according to a retrospective cohort study presented at the annual meeting of the Pediatric Academic Societies.
The study found that in cases of both complicated and uncomplicated appendicitis, rates of hospital readmission were consistently lower for children prescribed narrow-spectrum antibiotics versus broad-spectrum ones.
Narrow-spectrum antibiotics are reasonable first-line treatments for acute exacerbation of COPD.
While the most common pathogens are usually sensitive to narrow-spectrum antibiotics like amoxicillin and folate inhibitors (the most widely used is trimethoprim-sulfamethoxizole [TMP-SMX]), the use of more broad-spectrum antimicrobials has been advocated.
No association with obesity was seen for narrow-spectrum antibiotics, which included penicillin and amoxicillin.
We did find, however, that patients seen in the HMO setting were more likely to receive less expensive, narrow-spectrum antibiotics compared with FFS patients.
SAN FRANCISCO -- Internists prescribed the most broad-spectrum antibiotics and pediatricians the most narrow-spectrum antibiotics for respiratory tract infections in a national managed care population, Katie J.

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