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nasturtium(năstûr`shəm), any plant of the genus Tropaeolum, tropical American herbs (usually climbing) native to mountainous areas of South and Central America. Several species are cultivated in the United States as ornamentals for their yellow or red flowers, e.g., the common nasturtiums (T. majus and T. minus) and the canary-bird flower (T. peregrinum). These species have been hybridized. The plants are sometimes used for food, i.e., the tuberous rooted T. tuberosum or añu of the high Andes, the seeds (pickled as capers), and the tart flowers and leaves (used in salads). Properly, Nasturtium is the botanical name for the water cresses, an unrelated genus of the family Cruciferae (or Brassicaceae; mustardmustard,
common name for the Cruciferae, or Brassicaceae, a large family chiefly of herbs of north temperate regions. The easily distinguished flowers of the Cruciferae have four petals arranged diagonally ("cruciform") and alternating with the four sepals.
..... Click the link for more information. family). Nasturtiums are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information. , class Magnoliopsida, order Geraniales, family Tropaeolaceae.
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One of the most popular edible flowers. Beautiful, brightly colored with a sweet, flowery, spicy, peppery flavor. Odd shaped flowers- red, yellow or orange quirky flowers that look like they have a “tail” hanging out behind them. Irregular, round shaped leaves. Grows like ivy. Main stock up to 6 feet long with 6-8" stems branching off. Both leaves and flowers can be eaten raw or in salad. Has hot sharp horseradish-type taste that clears sinuses. Adds spiciness to food. Seeds are a combination of sweet and spicy. Flowers can be stuffed like cups or petals and leaves used in salads, pickle buds like capers. Adds color, beauty and flavor to any dish.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
symbolizes love of country. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 176]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
any of various plants of the genus Tropaeolum, esp T. major, having round leaves and yellow, red, or orange trumpet-shaped spurred flowers: family Tropaeolaceae
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005