national assembly


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national assembly,

name of a number of past and present constituent or legislative bodies. In France, under the constitutions of the Fourth and Fifth republics, the lower house of parliament has been called the national assembly. Usually, however, the name national assembly has been applied to provisional bodies. Often in times of crisis, when the old order dissolves through decay, war, or revolution, representatives of the people meet to work out a new order. Such was the case in the French Revolution, when members of the States-GeneralStates-General
or Estates-General,
diet or national assembly in which the chief estates (see estate) of a nation—usually clergy, nobles, and towns (or commons)—were represented as separate bodies.
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 proclaimed themselves (1789) a national assembly. The Federal Constitutional ConventionConstitutional Convention,
in U.S. history, the 1787 meeting in which the Constitution of the United States was drawn up. The Road to the Convention

The government adopted by the Thirteen Colonies in America (see Confederation, Articles of, and Continental
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 of 1787 and the Frankfurt ParliamentFrankfurt Parliament,
1848–49, national assembly convened at Frankfurt on May 18, 1848, as a result of the liberal revolution that swept the German states early in 1848. The parliament was called by a preliminary assembly of German liberals in Mar.
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 of 1848–49 were national assemblies. At the end of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71, after the downfall of Napoleon III, France again elected a national assembly, which drew up the basic constitutional laws for the Third Republic. Under the Third Republic the name national assembly applied to joint sessions of the senate and the chamber of deputies. National assemblies framed the republican Weimar constitution of Germany in 1919 and the Bonn constitution for West Germany in 1948–49. For a list of some of the chief legislative bodies of the world, see legislaturelegislature,
representative assembly empowered to enact statute law. Generally the representatives who compose a legislature are constitutionally elected by a broad spectrum of the population.
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.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

National Assembly

 

(1) The constituent assembly in France in 1789, 1848, and 1871 and in Germany in 1848 and 1919. The term also occurs in the history of other countries.

(2) In France under the Third Republic (1870–1940), a joint assembly of the members of both houses of parliament, convened to elect the president of the republic.

(3) In a number of countries such as France, Jordan, Libya, Laos, and Tunisia, the name for the parliament or one of its houses. In the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, it is the name of the supreme representative organ of power.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
He said that the National Assembly has been playing its active role to raise the matter Kashmir.
Citing the grounds on which the National Assembly could only intervene in the affairs of the state legislature, the one-time minister, drew Lawan's attention to the provisions of Section 11 (4) of the Nigerian constitution, Clark stated: 'For goodness sake, the situation in the Edo State House of Assembly does not even look like it is pointing in that direction.
Further, the National Assembly exercises oversight over national revenue and its expenditure.
Bilawal Bhutto appealed all the Members of National Assembly to stand with him on the stance of issuing production orders of two detained MNAs.
The surrender of above mentioned amount was made in different head of accounts from the sanctioned grant of the National Assembly during the fiscal year 2018-19.
Mr Duale said the National Assembly and the Senate do not operate like kiosks by the roadside but are guided by the Constitution.
At each early National Assembly's mandate we usually look at the demands of society and social development,' he said.
'Presence of Opposition leader Muhammad Shehbaz Sharif during the said session was necessary, therefore, in exercise of the powers conferred by rule 108 of the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of the business in the National Assembly 2007, the Speaker has been pleased to summon Muhammad Shehbaz Sharif,' the Speaker stated in a production order issued by the National Assembly Secretariat.
As per the orders of the day issued by the National Assembly Secretariat, the House will discuss, questions, calling attention Notice, Introduction of bill and legislative business.
According to details, the National Assembly candidates were bound to restrict their expenditures with Rs4 million whereas the provincial assembly candidates were allowed to spend Rs2 million.
During the 1977 election for 216-member National Assembly, only one woman contested on a general seat and won.

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