national assembly


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national assembly,

name of a number of past and present constituent or legislative bodies. In France, under the constitutions of the Fourth and Fifth republics, the lower house of parliament has been called the national assembly. Usually, however, the name national assembly has been applied to provisional bodies. Often in times of crisis, when the old order dissolves through decay, war, or revolution, representatives of the people meet to work out a new order. Such was the case in the French Revolution, when members of the States-GeneralStates-General
or Estates-General,
diet or national assembly in which the chief estates (see estate) of a nation—usually clergy, nobles, and towns (or commons)—were represented as separate bodies.
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 proclaimed themselves (1789) a national assembly. The Federal Constitutional ConventionConstitutional Convention,
in U.S. history, the 1787 meeting in which the Constitution of the United States was drawn up. The Road to the Convention

The government adopted by the Thirteen Colonies in America (see Confederation, Articles of, and Continental
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 of 1787 and the Frankfurt ParliamentFrankfurt Parliament,
1848–49, national assembly convened at Frankfurt on May 18, 1848, as a result of the liberal revolution that swept the German states early in 1848. The parliament was called by a preliminary assembly of German liberals in Mar.
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 of 1848–49 were national assemblies. At the end of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71, after the downfall of Napoleon III, France again elected a national assembly, which drew up the basic constitutional laws for the Third Republic. Under the Third Republic the name national assembly applied to joint sessions of the senate and the chamber of deputies. National assemblies framed the republican Weimar constitution of Germany in 1919 and the Bonn constitution for West Germany in 1948–49. For a list of some of the chief legislative bodies of the world, see legislaturelegislature,
representative assembly empowered to enact statute law. Generally the representatives who compose a legislature are constitutionally elected by a broad spectrum of the population.
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.

National Assembly

 

(1) The constituent assembly in France in 1789, 1848, and 1871 and in Germany in 1848 and 1919. The term also occurs in the history of other countries.

(2) In France under the Third Republic (1870–1940), a joint assembly of the members of both houses of parliament, convened to elect the president of the republic.

(3) In a number of countries such as France, Jordan, Libya, Laos, and Tunisia, the name for the parliament or one of its houses. In the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, it is the name of the supreme representative organ of power.

References in periodicals archive ?
The percentage of women's contribution to parliamentary business in the National Assembly was equivalent to that of men, i.
The reporting period for the National Assembly was May 2017 to February 2018, and the Senate reporting period was from March 2017 to March 2018.
These women lawmakers exclusively sponsored 36 (50 percent) of 72 resolutions in the National Assembly and collaborated with their male counterparts for moving 16 additional (22 percent) resolutions, it says.
At the working session, the leaders of the Ministry of Finance reported to the National Assembly Chairman on the implementation of Resolution No.
The National Assembly letter said CNRP lawmakers 'have fully lost their rights and membership' at the assembly, and that the act causes 'confusion'.
But Mr Aukot is proposing to have the 12 nomination slots reduced to six, and limited to the National Assembly.
Speaking to the Tahirul Qadri-hosted protest in Lahore, he said, 'I resign from my National Assembly (Rawalpindi) seat.
Turaki Hassan, Speaker Dogara, described the passage of the PIGB, as historic and landmark achievement by the 8th National Assembly after it was first introduced to the parliament by late President Umaru Musa Yaradua in 2008.
The National Assembly presented 22 recommendations aimed to counter terrorism, including decrees-by-law toughening penalties in the Law on Terror in order to safeguard our national security and stability and also withdrawing of Bahraini nationality status from terrorists who commit acts of terror and also inciters of violence and terrorism.
The Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly, Faisal Karim Kundi, welcomed the cricket team that made it to the semi-final of the 2011 cricket World Cup.
35-42), announced elections and defined the membership qualifications, internal structure and functions of a 275 member strong National Assembly (Art.

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