neck


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Related to neck: nick, Stiff neck, NECN

neck

1. the part of an organism connecting the head with the rest of the body
2. Anatomy a constricted portion of an organ or part, such as the cervix of the uterus
3. a narrow or elongated projecting strip of land; a peninsula or isthmus
4. a strait or channel
5. the part of a violin, cello, etc., that extends from the body to the tuning pegs and supports the fingerboard
6. a solid block of lava from the opening of an extinct volcano, exposed after erosion of the surrounding rock
7. Botany the upper, usually tubular, part of the archegonium of mosses, ferns, etc.
8. the length of a horse's head and neck taken as an approximate distance by which one horse beats another in a race
9. Architect the narrow band at the top of the shaft of a column between the necking and the capital, esp as used in the Tuscan order
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Neck

In the Classical orders, the space between the bottom of the capital and the top of the shaft, usually marked by a sinkage, or a ring of moldings.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Neck

 

the part of the body between the head and the trunk in man and land vertebrates. The neck is responsible for the mobility of the head, permits orientation in space, and facilitates the grasping of food, defense, and attack.

The framework of the neck consists of cervical vertebrae. The neck muscles are primarily modified portions of the truncal musculature. In amniotes, a compressor of the neck has developed— a derivative of the voluntary visceral musculature. The neck contains the initial sections of the respiratory system (larynx, trachea) and digestive system (pharynx, some salivary glands, part of the esophagus), several blood vessels (for example, the carotid arteries and jugular veins) and lymphatic vessels, the thyroid and parathyroid glands, and nerves. The initial segment of the spinal cord lies in the cerebrospinal canal, enclosed by arches of the cervical vertebrae.

In amphibians, the neck is not outwardly noticeable (there is only one vertebra), and the head can move only up and down and a little to the sides. In amniotes, the cervical portion has several vertebrae, and the development of the atlas and epistropheus (axis) enables the head to bend and rotate. In birds, the number of cervical vertebrae varies from nine to 25, and the combination of their movements makes it possible for some birds to rotate their heads 270° in one direction. In mammals, the cervical portion, regardless of the length of the neck, usually contains seven vertebrae. This is also true of the whale, whose neck is not outwardly separate, and of the giraffe. In the case of secondary limitation of neck mobility, the vertebrae of the cervical segment fuse (in cetaceans, armadillos, jerboas, and some other animals).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

What does it mean when you dream about a neck?

To “protect one’s neck” is to not get caught at doing something in secret or to participate in a situation where one’s actions could be condemned. Often the phrase “don’t stick your neck out” is said as an admonishment. “Necking” describes romantic physical expressions of kissing, hugging, and overt passion arising aroused from the erogenous zones in the neck.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.

neck

[nek]
(anatomy)
The usually constricted communicating column between the head and trunk of the vertebrate body.
(engineering)
The part of a furnace where the flame is contracted before reaching the stack.
(geography)
A narrow strip of land, especially one connecting two larger areas.
(geology)
(metallurgy)
In a tensile test, that portion of the metal at which fracture is imminent during the later stages of plastic deformation in a tensile test.
(oceanography)
The narrow band of water forming the part of a rip current where feeder currents converge and flow swiftly through the incoming breakers and out to the head.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

neck

1. In the classical orders, the space between the bottom of the capital and the top of the shaft, which is marked by a sinkage or a ring of moldings.
2. A section of the branch duct that connects an air diffuser with the main supply duct.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in classic literature ?
He sprang away in flight, but Mulcachy's voice rang out, "Hoist him!" and he slowly rose in the air again, hanging by his neck, and began to strangle.
He missed Mulcachy by inches, as another blank cartridge exploded up his other nostril and as the men with the rope snapped him back so abruptly as almost to break his neck.
Raja struggled to be after him, but I held tightly to his neck, an act which he did not seem to relish, for he turned on me with bared fangs.
Inside I could see the heads of women and children peering over the top of the wall; and also, farther back, the long necks of lidi, topped by their tiny heads.
Scarcely had he touched the sleek hide of the deer with a momentum that sent the animal to its knees than he had grasped a horn in either hand, and with a single quick wrench twisted the animal's neck completely round, until he felt the vertebrae snap beneath his grip.
The cord was placed round the Jew's neck, and his feet had already ceased to touch the ground when the voice of the tailor was heard beseeching the executioner to pause one moment and to listen to what he had to say.
The executioner speedily untied the knots which confined the doctor, and was passing the cord round the neck of the tailor, when the Sultan of Kashgar, who had missed his jester, happened to make inquiry of his officers as to what had become of him.
See, lad, the pieces of the buckskin are hanging from their necks yet.
“The knife was sharp, for the cut was smooth; the handle was long, for a man’s arm would not reach from this gash to the cut that did not go through the skin; he was a coward, or he would have cut the thongs around the necks of the hounds.”
you beauty!" the girl cried, leaning forward impulsively in the saddle and pressing her cheek to the mare's neck where it burned flame-color in the sun.
She urged the horse by suddenly leaning forward with her body, at the same time, for an instant, letting the rein slack and touching the neck with her bridle hand.
Lute leaned to the side and rested her hand for a moment on Dolly's wet neck.