need


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need

[nēd]
(psychology)
An acquired or physiological lack or deficit within the individual.

need(s)

  1. the basic requirements necessary to sustain human life. MASLOW (1954) suggested a hierarchy of needs from the basic physiological needs for food, safety and shelter, to psychological needs of belonging, approval, love, and finally the need for SELF-ACTUALIZATION. Only the physiological needs are essential for sustaining life and, according to Maslow, must be fulfilled before higher needs can be met. Some sociologists have argued that the existence of human needs indicates that universal FUNCTIONAL PREREQUISITES for the survival of any society can be identified.
  2. any socially acquired individual ‘drive’ (personality need), e.g. ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION.
  3. a distinction may also be drawn between basic needs and felt needs. In ECONOMICS, the term wants is used to refer both to psychological and social ‘felt needs’ and also to the goods which stimulate these.
While many sociologists have registered their dissatisfaction with NEEDS 1 , arguing that human needs are not universal but socially formed, conceptions of human needs have not been confined to psychologists or functionalist sociologists. Frankfurt School neo-Marxist sociologists (e.g. MARCUSE) refer to the ‘false needs’ created by capitalist societies, thus implying human ‘needs’. Conceptions of ‘absolute’ and ‘relative’ POVERTY also depend on conceptions of physiological and social needs. see also BASIC HUMAN NEEDS.
References in periodicals archive ?
A new model needs to be based on partnership between physicians and hospitals.
Identifying the technology options that best address or improve upon these needs
Similarly, students' rating of time management as the most significant need of all their counseling needs in this study is also consistent with the views of Aluede (2001), Aluede et al (2005) and Nwokwule (1992) that most students these days in Nigeria are not able to manage their time, which has led to the incessant incidents of student unrest in Nigerian universities.
As I mentioned before, VA expects to meet much of the growing need for long-term care through non-institutional services, such as home health care and adult day health care.
We visited our colleagues at the other elementary school in our district to observe their model and collected data to help establish the students' needs.
Concerning staffing, there is a need for stronger occupational structures in the career guidance field.
The intensity of students' needs has led some to question whether school counseling programs are actually comprehensively meeting the needs of all students (Green & Keys, 2001; Whiston, 2002).
We can talk about grand visions of brand new things, but the biggest leverage we're going to get is to network the things that we own today and doing it in ways that produce the effects that we need.
Using data from the Participation and Activity Limitation Survey of 2001, which covered about 35,000 persons aged 15 and over with disabilities, CCSD staff Gail Fawcett, Coryse Ciceri, Spyridoula Tsoukalas and Angela Gibson-Kierstead, crafted a report that not only highlights the type of devices and supports needed by children, teens, and adults, including seniors, but also posits the reasons why those needs are either met or unmet.
Traditionally housed in the camp's health center, these folks are charged with the primary responsibility of caring for and managing acute and chronic health needs of campers and staff during the camp session.
A special needs trust may be advisable when a client or family member is disabled and receiving government benefits.
These segmentations often take the form of yield matrices segmented by need and grant from all sources at defined levels of quality.