need

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need

[nēd]
(psychology)
An acquired or physiological lack or deficit within the individual.

need(s)

  1. the basic requirements necessary to sustain human life. MASLOW (1954) suggested a hierarchy of needs from the basic physiological needs for food, safety and shelter, to psychological needs of belonging, approval, love, and finally the need for SELF-ACTUALIZATION. Only the physiological needs are essential for sustaining life and, according to Maslow, must be fulfilled before higher needs can be met. Some sociologists have argued that the existence of human needs indicates that universal FUNCTIONAL PREREQUISITES for the survival of any society can be identified.
  2. any socially acquired individual ‘drive’ (personality need), e.g. ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION.
  3. a distinction may also be drawn between basic needs and felt needs. In ECONOMICS, the term wants is used to refer both to psychological and social ‘felt needs’ and also to the goods which stimulate these.
While many sociologists have registered their dissatisfaction with NEEDS 1 , arguing that human needs are not universal but socially formed, conceptions of human needs have not been confined to psychologists or functionalist sociologists. Frankfurt School neo-Marxist sociologists (e.g. MARCUSE) refer to the ‘false needs’ created by capitalist societies, thus implying human ‘needs’. Conceptions of ‘absolute’ and ‘relative’ POVERTY also depend on conceptions of physiological and social needs. see also BASIC HUMAN NEEDS.
References in periodicals archive ?
Knowing that our instruction needed to be driven by assessment, as emphasized throughout all of the coursework in my Master's program, Lois and I shared the task of administrating the San Diego Quick (SDQ) assessment (Ekwall & Shanker, 2001) and the Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA) (Beaver, 1998) to help establish students' reading levels.
This victory, though, wasn't all that Dorrell needed.
Generally, the context and the initial consonant sound of the unknown word gives the needed information for word identification.
Also, internal audit needs sufficient resources to conduct a systematic and timely review of the risks and controls needed to provide assurance to top organizational levels.
That is, it should specify what is needed from a user's perspective rather than specify any one technology.
Buttenfield sees numerous differences between evaluation procedures used for physical libraries and the procedures needed to evaluate digital libraries.
Traditionally, it has been the task of the water resource professionals to apply techniques of systems analysis to this type of maldistribution problem and to identify ways to overcome the maldistribution of water and to mitigate, correct, and provide the resource on an as needed basis.
Improved and more rapid diagnostic methods, new and better drugs for treatment or prophylaxis, and new vaccines, especially against anthrax and smallpox, are needed.
I acquired many of the skills I needed to survive as an industry CPA through training programs that didn't count toward my CPE qualifications.
It ranges from the individual independently making all decisions and managing services directly to an individual using a representative to manage needed services.
Thus, whereas ordinarily the information needed to complete and application record might readily be obtained from an institution, the process in a contested application is more formal and time-consuming.
Staff training needs have been addressed by identifying competencies needed by direct service personnel (Cohen, Patton, & Melia, 1985; Parent, Hill, 1990; Renzaglia & Everson, 1990) and by program managers (Brooke, Sale & Moon, in press).