need

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need

[nēd]
(psychology)
An acquired or physiological lack or deficit within the individual.

need(s)

  1. the basic requirements necessary to sustain human life. MASLOW (1954) suggested a hierarchy of needs from the basic physiological needs for food, safety and shelter, to psychological needs of belonging, approval, love, and finally the need for SELF-ACTUALIZATION. Only the physiological needs are essential for sustaining life and, according to Maslow, must be fulfilled before higher needs can be met. Some sociologists have argued that the existence of human needs indicates that universal FUNCTIONAL PREREQUISITES for the survival of any society can be identified.
  2. any socially acquired individual ‘drive’ (personality need), e.g. ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION.
  3. a distinction may also be drawn between basic needs and felt needs. In ECONOMICS, the term wants is used to refer both to psychological and social ‘felt needs’ and also to the goods which stimulate these.
While many sociologists have registered their dissatisfaction with NEEDS 1 , arguing that human needs are not universal but socially formed, conceptions of human needs have not been confined to psychologists or functionalist sociologists. Frankfurt School neo-Marxist sociologists (e.g. MARCUSE) refer to the ‘false needs’ created by capitalist societies, thus implying human ‘needs’. Conceptions of ‘absolute’ and ‘relative’ POVERTY also depend on conceptions of physiological and social needs. see also BASIC HUMAN NEEDS.
References in periodicals archive ?
This teacher/researcher discovered that one of the most striking aspects of this new position was the number of people needed to develop relationships with in order to learn and accomplish tasks at hand.
9) In the latest national study of children with special needs "the (health) service most commonly reported as needed but not received was dental care; more than 8% of (these) children needed but did not obtain this service.
But clarity is needed about the role of career guidance professionals within such diversified delivery systems.
Models of effective collaborative practice are needed to contribute to our knowledge base and sustain school counseling's professional contribution to prevention and social justice.
When these forces are arrayed around the battlespace they can do a number of things, but if they're engaged in conflict against any sort of an enemy, the ammunition expenditure, the food and supplies that are needed to keep that maneuver unit going are going to be substantial.
Teaching rote information so that the student can pass mandated tests instead of teaching needed skills.
Did your calculations of the number of balloons needed to lift the objects in your classroom match how many it actually took to lift each object?
What he needed was a little more than his Bruins gave him in a 20-10 victory in front of 48,690.
Help only should be given as needed, not for the sake of doing so.
Spell out the needs and expectations of both the audit committee and senior management, especially with respect to the focus and resource allocation needed.
Use the media outlets that your business can afford, since repetition of your message is almost surely needed to ensure success.
And, I was able to see where we needed more involvement in the profession.