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need

[nēd]
(psychology)
An acquired or physiological lack or deficit within the individual.

need(s)

  1. the basic requirements necessary to sustain human life. MASLOW (1954) suggested a hierarchy of needs from the basic physiological needs for food, safety and shelter, to psychological needs of belonging, approval, love, and finally the need for SELF-ACTUALIZATION. Only the physiological needs are essential for sustaining life and, according to Maslow, must be fulfilled before higher needs can be met. Some sociologists have argued that the existence of human needs indicates that universal FUNCTIONAL PREREQUISITES for the survival of any society can be identified.
  2. any socially acquired individual ‘drive’ (personality need), e.g. ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION.
  3. a distinction may also be drawn between basic needs and felt needs. In ECONOMICS, the term wants is used to refer both to psychological and social ‘felt needs’ and also to the goods which stimulate these.
While many sociologists have registered their dissatisfaction with NEEDS 1 , arguing that human needs are not universal but socially formed, conceptions of human needs have not been confined to psychologists or functionalist sociologists. Frankfurt School neo-Marxist sociologists (e.g. MARCUSE) refer to the ‘false needs’ created by capitalist societies, thus implying human ‘needs’. Conceptions of ‘absolute’ and ‘relative’ POVERTY also depend on conceptions of physiological and social needs. see also BASIC HUMAN NEEDS.
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, an individual may begin needing the support of an enclave with fun-time supervision.
He has gone from needing oxygen in order to drink thickened formula, to eating soft foods, cheerios and every child's favorite, chicken nuggets.
These matters can be as diverse as needing grief counseling or needing to hear that bouts of incontinence, which can occur after a urinary tract infection associated with catheterization, are usually temporary, so "don't panic or be embarrassed.
No one wants to consider the prospect of someday needing help with the activities of daily living that we all take for granted," Cunningham said, "but an accident, illness or deteriorating abilities can leave you unable to care for yourself.
People 65 and over represent the largest group needing long-term care, but anyone at any age may face a situation that requires long-term care.
All residents needing orthotic devices go to therapy first for determination of a wearing schedule, and are then released back to nursing with a restorative care plan.
For providers needing help in getting started, the technical assistance brief available from AAHSA is an extremely helpful resource (and in lay language).
As the number of older Americans, especially those age 85 and over, continues to increase, it is estimated that the number of those needing such assistance will double by the year 2020.
As a result, there are instances in which harm has been done to those needing medications because of underlying dementia-related psychosis.