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need

[nēd]
(psychology)
An acquired or physiological lack or deficit within the individual.

need(s)

  1. the basic requirements necessary to sustain human life. MASLOW (1954) suggested a hierarchy of needs from the basic physiological needs for food, safety and shelter, to psychological needs of belonging, approval, love, and finally the need for SELF-ACTUALIZATION. Only the physiological needs are essential for sustaining life and, according to Maslow, must be fulfilled before higher needs can be met. Some sociologists have argued that the existence of human needs indicates that universal FUNCTIONAL PREREQUISITES for the survival of any society can be identified.
  2. any socially acquired individual ‘drive’ (personality need), e.g. ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION.
  3. a distinction may also be drawn between basic needs and felt needs. In ECONOMICS, the term wants is used to refer both to psychological and social ‘felt needs’ and also to the goods which stimulate these.
While many sociologists have registered their dissatisfaction with NEEDS 1 , arguing that human needs are not universal but socially formed, conceptions of human needs have not been confined to psychologists or functionalist sociologists. Frankfurt School neo-Marxist sociologists (e.g. MARCUSE) refer to the ‘false needs’ created by capitalist societies, thus implying human ‘needs’. Conceptions of ‘absolute’ and ‘relative’ POVERTY also depend on conceptions of physiological and social needs. see also BASIC HUMAN NEEDS.
References in periodicals archive ?
Needless to say after 25 years as visitors, we will not be returning to Cyprus.
I would suggest that it should be considered morally wrong for people working in the public sector to cause needless injury to people in their care, and then to leave those injured people to try to fend for themselves afterwards.
Height of fashion: Denim jacket pounds 90, T-shirt pounds 25 and trousers pounds 60 from Disorder, Needless Alley, Birmingham, with shoes pounds 80 from Simms Footwear, in Great Western Arcade, Birmingham.
Crease said:"I thought it was a needless header he went for because there was no real danger and the ball ended up in the back of the net.
Yet if anything - and if the maps are to be believed - Needless Alley got ever narrower in the 18th century, as the buildings either side of it squeezed it.
Needless are singer and guitarist Az, 33, from Gateshead, Den, 35, a supermarket manager, and Snoop, 39, a factory worker, both from Consett.
When Butler investigated a double fatality train accident, he uncovered corruption and incompetence leading to needless deaths, yet was stymied at every turn by greedy and bureaucratic interests as he struggled to defend the public.
Needless to say, the cost of these trips is concealed from stockholders with accounting devices worthy of Enron.
You don "t want to make needless trips lugging , weapons to DS or DOL.
Needless to say, Cotler denied that political considerations influence who presides over Canadian courts (Nat.
Needless to say, you would spill the material everywhere, and it's a fairly toxic material, so material data sheets are important.
Needless to say the RIBA bookshop has everything listed in pounds sterling not US dollars which must be a real turn-on for US architects desperate for UK-only architecture books.