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need

[nēd]
(psychology)
An acquired or physiological lack or deficit within the individual.

need(s)

  1. the basic requirements necessary to sustain human life. MASLOW (1954) suggested a hierarchy of needs from the basic physiological needs for food, safety and shelter, to psychological needs of belonging, approval, love, and finally the need for SELF-ACTUALIZATION. Only the physiological needs are essential for sustaining life and, according to Maslow, must be fulfilled before higher needs can be met. Some sociologists have argued that the existence of human needs indicates that universal FUNCTIONAL PREREQUISITES for the survival of any society can be identified.
  2. any socially acquired individual ‘drive’ (personality need), e.g. ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION.
  3. a distinction may also be drawn between basic needs and felt needs. In ECONOMICS, the term wants is used to refer both to psychological and social ‘felt needs’ and also to the goods which stimulate these.
While many sociologists have registered their dissatisfaction with NEEDS 1 , arguing that human needs are not universal but socially formed, conceptions of human needs have not been confined to psychologists or functionalist sociologists. Frankfurt School neo-Marxist sociologists (e.g. MARCUSE) refer to the ‘false needs’ created by capitalist societies, thus implying human ‘needs’. Conceptions of ‘absolute’ and ‘relative’ POVERTY also depend on conceptions of physiological and social needs. see also BASIC HUMAN NEEDS.
References in periodicals archive ?
Crease said:"I thought it was a needless header he went for because there was no real danger and the ball ended up in the back of the net.
Yet if anything - and if the maps are to be believed - Needless Alley got ever narrower in the 18th century, as the buildings either side of it squeezed it.
Needless are singer and guitarist Az, 33, from Gateshead, Den, 35, a supermarket manager, and Snoop, 39, a factory worker, both from Consett.
It may keep another family from suffering the needless loss of someone they love very deeply and who they will miss forever.
Needless to say the RIBA bookshop has everything listed in pounds sterling not US dollars which must be a real turn-on for US architects desperate for UK-only architecture books.
Producers of needless knickknacks everywhere are pouncing at the chance to cash in on Pope-mania.
And needless to say, Percy and Holly were very sweet and the food was excellent.
However, even were I to accept this figure, it would be 374 needless deaths in UK hospitals.
Needless to say, the treaty contains no penalties for this sort of piracy.
Now that trim seal can be cut, bonded by film splice and shipped to the manufacturer ready-to-install, many needless hours of labor and the chance of human error can be eliminated, according to the company.
But the best story, needless to say, was Whitney Houston The poor thing was ordering beer and ice cream at 4 in the morning, and the dear answered the door in what looked like a ratty Aunt Jemima headscarf.
Needless to say, if the government tried to establish this kind of aggressive atheism, religious believers would justifiably object.