need

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need

[nēd]
(psychology)
An acquired or physiological lack or deficit within the individual.

need(s)

  1. the basic requirements necessary to sustain human life. MASLOW (1954) suggested a hierarchy of needs from the basic physiological needs for food, safety and shelter, to psychological needs of belonging, approval, love, and finally the need for SELF-ACTUALIZATION. Only the physiological needs are essential for sustaining life and, according to Maslow, must be fulfilled before higher needs can be met. Some sociologists have argued that the existence of human needs indicates that universal FUNCTIONAL PREREQUISITES for the survival of any society can be identified.
  2. any socially acquired individual ‘drive’ (personality need), e.g. ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION.
  3. a distinction may also be drawn between basic needs and felt needs. In ECONOMICS, the term wants is used to refer both to psychological and social ‘felt needs’ and also to the goods which stimulate these.
While many sociologists have registered their dissatisfaction with NEEDS 1 , arguing that human needs are not universal but socially formed, conceptions of human needs have not been confined to psychologists or functionalist sociologists. Frankfurt School neo-Marxist sociologists (e.g. MARCUSE) refer to the ‘false needs’ created by capitalist societies, thus implying human ‘needs’. Conceptions of ‘absolute’ and ‘relative’ POVERTY also depend on conceptions of physiological and social needs. see also BASIC HUMAN NEEDS.
References in periodicals archive ?
18, 2012 /PRNewswire/ --When it comes to depression, there's simply no reason to wade through its drowning waters - and that is at least one of many key messages about depression that author Kathy Reagan is communicating to everyday people in her recently published book, "Stop Suffering Needlessly - How to Quickly Recover From Depression," edited by Ted Papperman, Ph.
And he said a host of other equipment such as computers were being bought at needlessly high prices - wasting around 12 per cent of the NHS's purchasing budget.
EXPOSED: 1,200 people died needlessly at Stafford hospital WHISTLEBLOWER: Student nurse Barbara Allatt
Around pounds 503m is thrown away by people who complete self-assessment tax returns, while pounds 309m is needlessly paid through capital gains tax when people sell assets.
And just as a title card needlessly announces that it's ``heaven'' time, you can be sure that Candy and Dan will eventually spiral down into hell, just like the addicts in ``Trainspotting,'' ``Requiem for a Dream,'' ``Rush,'' ``Drugstore Cowboy'' .
Those divisions have been overcome, in large measure, by growing worldwide hostility toward what is seen--by reasonable people, as well as Marxist ideologues--as Washington's needlessly bellicose and militaristic foreign policy.
Men and women are needlessly dying in prison for lack of basic medical care.
London Free Press columnist Rory Leishman, noting that Canada is also committing $100 million a year in aid to Afghanistan, said Prime Minister Stephen Harper "is needlessly jeopardizing the broad political consensus that is essential to the success of this vital mission, by refusing to countenance renewed debate on the matter in Parliament .
HUNDREDS of thousands of people are risking losing their sight needlessly through treatable eye conditions says a new report.
More safety inspections of workplaces are needed to stop employers needlessly exposing their staff to toxic substances, said the TUC.
The pounds 30billion extra aid means that 37,000 people will die needlessly every day instead of the current 50,000.
When they subtracted from this total women whose hysterectomy could have preceded the Pap smear, those who still had a cervix and those who had had the hysterectomy to treat a cervical malignancy, the result indicated that approximately 10 million women--almost half of those who had undergone hysterectomy--had needlessly obtained a Pap smear.