needlework


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needlework,

work done with a needle, either plain sewing, mending, or ornamental work such as embroideryembroidery,
ornamental needlework applied to all varieties of fabrics and worked with many sorts of thread—linen, cotton, wool, silk, gold, and even hair. Decorative objects, such as shells, feathers, beads, and jewels, are often sewn to the embroidered piece.
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, quiltingquilting,
form of needlework, almost always created by women, most of them anonymous, in which two layers of fabric on either side of an interlining (batting) are sewn together, usually with a pattern of back or running (quilting) stitches that hold the layers together.
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, smocking, hemstitching, fagoting, some kinds of lace making (see lacelace,
patterned openwork fabric made by plaiting, knotting, looping, or twisting. The finest lace is made from linen thread. Handmade laces include needlepoint and bobbin lace, tatting, crochet work, and some fabrics made by netting and darning.
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), patchwork, and appliqué. Knittingknitting,
construction of a fabric made of interlocking loops of yarn by means of needles. Knitting, allied in origin to weaving and to the netting and knotting of fishnets and snares, was apparently unknown in Europe before the 15th cent.
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, crocheting (see crochet workcrochet work
, form of knitting done with a hook, by means of which loops of thread or yarn are drawn through other, preceding loops. Crochet stitches are all based on the chain or single crochet, i.e., a single loop.
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), netting, and tatting are also classified as needlework, being done with specialized needles or, as in netting and tatting, with shuttles. Many of the processes used are ancient, and some have several uses, such as the darning stitch employed in mending, embroidery, and lace making. Patchwork or appliqué, consisting of a cut or pieced design of one fabric applied to the surface of another, was used in ancient Egypt and India.
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needlework

A form of construction combining a framework of timber and a plaster or masonry filling; common in medieval houses.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Middleton's wedding gown was once again brought to the spotlight after Camilla Parker-Bowles' visit to the Royal School of Needlework, where Ewing is one of the embroiderers.
Indeed, there was a needlework exhibition taking place at Newcastle's Laing Art Gallery if you were enthused enough about the subject.
It was there that she learned the finer points of needlework from her Norwegian grandmother, and it was there that she discovered her hands had talents beyond knitting.
The text is a collection of needlework made by women over forty living in the antebellum South.
The manuscripts and needlework covers, like the cambric shirt, materially signify Elizabeth's filial bonds with the king and queen.
George textile artist embroiderer, Clara Drysdale will be exhibiting her traditional textile embroideries at the upcoming show Threads of Time, a showcase of work by the Brant Broderers, a needlework guild active in Brant area for 35 years.
The lacework on the top-secret creation was carried out at the studios of the Royal School of Needlework (RSN), at Hampton Court Palace.
The shoes are part of a remarkable collection of early English needlework comprising 63 pieces with estimates totaling PS210,000 - 315,000, which was owned by the former Chairman of Debenhams and Harvey Nichols, Sir Frederick Richmond (1873-1953).
The theatrical extravaganza features an election themed cabaret performance from Liverpool artists - Bourgeois Pig sings deliriously about the night he broke the Bank of Monte Carlo; the Politician and his Wife lean on the garden gate of sleaze; hear radical reworkings of classic songs; and Knitting Woman sits at the Needlework Box of Free Speech.
The lace is now one of only two kinds of needlework included in the list, the other being Croatian.