needlework

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needlework,

work done with a needle, either plain sewing, mending, or ornamental work such as embroideryembroidery,
ornamental needlework applied to all varieties of fabrics and worked with many sorts of thread—linen, cotton, wool, silk, gold, and even hair. Decorative objects, such as shells, feathers, beads, and jewels, are often sewn to the embroidered piece.
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, quiltingquilting,
form of needlework, almost always created by women, most of them anonymous, in which two layers of fabric on either side of an interlining (batting) are sewn together, usually with a pattern of back or running (quilting) stitches that hold the layers together.
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, smocking, hemstitching, fagoting, some kinds of lace making (see lacelace,
patterned openwork fabric made by plaiting, knotting, looping, or twisting. The finest lace is made from linen thread. Handmade laces include needlepoint and bobbin lace, tatting, crochet work, and some fabrics made by netting and darning.
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), patchwork, and appliqué. Knittingknitting,
construction of a fabric made of interlocking loops of yarn by means of needles. Knitting, allied in origin to weaving and to the netting and knotting of fishnets and snares, was apparently unknown in Europe before the 15th cent.
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, crocheting (see crochet workcrochet work
, form of knitting done with a hook, by means of which loops of thread or yarn are drawn through other, preceding loops. Crochet stitches are all based on the chain or single crochet, i.e., a single loop.
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), netting, and tatting are also classified as needlework, being done with specialized needles or, as in netting and tatting, with shuttles. Many of the processes used are ancient, and some have several uses, such as the darning stitch employed in mending, embroidery, and lace making. Patchwork or appliqué, consisting of a cut or pieced design of one fabric applied to the surface of another, was used in ancient Egypt and India.

needlework

A form of construction combining a framework of timber and a plaster or masonry filling; common in medieval houses.
References in periodicals archive ?
Perhaps no group demonstrated the slippery relationship between economistic agitation and allegations of Trotskyism as clearly as did the members of the Needleworkers Collective of Bobruisk (Bobrshvei).
Dorothy Goodwill, a thirty-nine-year-old needleworker and mother of three from Cleveland who had no prior experience of feminism, volunteered for a summer.
Nifty needleworkers at the centre show off the quilts they have made for premature babies.
And she's referring not only to the message the work imparts, but the six-year process that included 17 needleworkers using 15 different stitchery and textile techniques.
56) The Herald and Transcript were likewise filled with scores of advertisements each fall and spring promising "constant employment and good wages" for city needleworkers.
In A need/e, a bobbin, a strike: Women needleworkers in America, edited by J.
As weavers, women created multimedia: "singing, chanting, telling stories, dancing, and playing games as they work, spinsters, weavers, and needleworkers were literally networkers as well.
78 These knots are fashionable in the period; several patterns appear in Quentel's book of designs for needleworkers printed in Cologne in 1541.
Coffin analyzes how various groups - guildsmen and women, male and female trade unionists, Catholic social reformers and socialists, needlewomen and feminists, statisticians and storytellers, advertisers and merchandisers - understood women's work, in light of the social history of needleworkers from the mid-eighteenth century until 1915.
The ladies received "pin" money for their efforts, and some enterprising needleworkers made quite a good thing of it.
In Burgos' nationalist rhetoric, the influence of male cultural authority cannot be dismissed; her oppressed proletariat are jibaros, cane-cutters, a collective mass, not the female tobacco strippers and needleworkers who organized throughout Puerto Rico for improved working conditions.
When feminist artist Judy Chicago sought to create an installation incorporating fine needlework techniques, her resource was liturgical needleworkers.