needlework

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needlework,

work done with a needle, either plain sewing, mending, or ornamental work such as embroideryembroidery,
ornamental needlework applied to all varieties of fabrics and worked with many sorts of thread—linen, cotton, wool, silk, gold, and even hair. Decorative objects, such as shells, feathers, beads, and jewels, are often sewn to the embroidered piece.
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, quiltingquilting,
form of needlework, almost always created by women, most of them anonymous, in which two layers of fabric on either side of an interlining (batting) are sewn together, usually with a pattern of back or running (quilting) stitches that hold the layers together.
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, smocking, hemstitching, fagoting, some kinds of lace making (see lacelace,
patterned openwork fabric made by plaiting, knotting, looping, or twisting. The finest lace is made from linen thread. Handmade laces include needlepoint and bobbin lace, tatting, crochet work, and some fabrics made by netting and darning.
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), patchwork, and appliqué. Knittingknitting,
construction of a fabric made of interlocking loops of yarn by means of needles. Knitting, allied in origin to weaving and to the netting and knotting of fishnets and snares, was apparently unknown in Europe before the 15th cent.
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, crocheting (see crochet workcrochet work
, form of knitting done with a hook, by means of which loops of thread or yarn are drawn through other, preceding loops. Crochet stitches are all based on the chain or single crochet, i.e., a single loop.
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), netting, and tatting are also classified as needlework, being done with specialized needles or, as in netting and tatting, with shuttles. Many of the processes used are ancient, and some have several uses, such as the darning stitch employed in mending, embroidery, and lace making. Patchwork or appliqué, consisting of a cut or pieced design of one fabric applied to the surface of another, was used in ancient Egypt and India.

needlework

A form of construction combining a framework of timber and a plaster or masonry filling; common in medieval houses.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nifty needleworkers at the centre show off the quilts they have made for premature babies.
A recurring characteristic of women needleworkers, from the 1900's to teh present, has been their immigrant status, often accompanied by difficulty with the English language, and sometimes by problems of "illegal" status.
Speaking for the Council on Aging and the Needleworkers, member Carolyn Earp said, "We thank you for giving us the opportunity to do this.
But it is fast becoming a haven for an increasing number of young needleworkers to meet and spin their own yarns, as well as sipping cappuccinos, and knitting scarves, hats and gloves for their loved ones.
It fell to the king's armourer, John de Cologne, to provide the needleworkers for this work, that would have been kept fully employed as each royal duty required a different set of clothes.
The fair will distribute $50,000 in cash prizes and ribbon premiums this year for the talents displayed by cooks, bakers, decorators, jam and jelly makers, sewers, spinners, knitters and needleworkers around the county, not to mention farmers who raise anything from rabbits, poultry, cavies, horses, cattle, mules, goats, pigs and sheep, as well as those who grow fruit and nuts.
13) in shaping fashions as well as making them, and in "train[ing] generations of girls not only to be skilled needleworkers but to be French women.
Susan Frye, "Sewing Connections: Elizabeth Tudor, Mary Stuart, Elizabeth Talbot, and Seventeenth-century Anonymous Needleworkers," in Maids and Mistresses: Women's Alliances in Early Modern England (Oxford: 1999), 165-82, emphasizes the differences between Elizabeth Tudor's girlhood embroidery and Elizabeth Talbot's heroic wall hangings; without an appreciation of the theoretically powerful incestuous content of the translated text, it is difficult to see the similarities between the two Elizabeths' needlework.
Yes, it's about weaving--but to limit its audience to needleworkers would be a shame.
Projects are aimed at all skills levels from beginners to experienced needleworkers and provide bright color photos, patterns, and clear explanations.
STITCHED UP: Needleworkers at Paddock County School in 1953 with teacher Mrs M Senior.
Thus, Robert McIntosh has observed in his study of female needleworkers that "[c]apitalist social relations adapted, used and exploited -- but never subsumed -- patriarchal attitudes and practices.