need

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need

[nēd]
(psychology)
An acquired or physiological lack or deficit within the individual.

need(s)

  1. the basic requirements necessary to sustain human life. MASLOW (1954) suggested a hierarchy of needs from the basic physiological needs for food, safety and shelter, to psychological needs of belonging, approval, love, and finally the need for SELF-ACTUALIZATION. Only the physiological needs are essential for sustaining life and, according to Maslow, must be fulfilled before higher needs can be met. Some sociologists have argued that the existence of human needs indicates that universal FUNCTIONAL PREREQUISITES for the survival of any society can be identified.
  2. any socially acquired individual ‘drive’ (personality need), e.g. ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION.
  3. a distinction may also be drawn between basic needs and felt needs. In ECONOMICS, the term wants is used to refer both to psychological and social ‘felt needs’ and also to the goods which stimulate these.
While many sociologists have registered their dissatisfaction with NEEDS 1 , arguing that human needs are not universal but socially formed, conceptions of human needs have not been confined to psychologists or functionalist sociologists. Frankfurt School neo-Marxist sociologists (e.g. MARCUSE) refer to the ‘false needs’ created by capitalist societies, thus implying human ‘needs’. Conceptions of ‘absolute’ and ‘relative’ POVERTY also depend on conceptions of physiological and social needs. see also BASIC HUMAN NEEDS.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dr Seretse Khama Ian Khama's call for all to assist the needy.
So Come forward and help needy persons, everyone can visit our office,
Hypermarkets would be approached to donate an annual quantity of food products they sell, to be distributed to needy families across the country.
Your work is to sit in the office and you cannot know the needy pupils better than us.
He informed during current month, Bait ul mal gave Rs 100,000 to different NGOs, Rs, 337,000 to 33 deserving and needy persons while scholarship cheques of worth Rs 4,68,000 had been distributed among 18 students.
A ceremony regarding cheque distribution was held here where Begam Bhatti distributed cheques each amounting to Rs 10,000 among 40 women who belonged to poor and needy families.
Shaikh Mohammad launched the campaign last year during Ramadan, with the aim of clothing one million needy children around the world.
The link has been provided to help the poor in the community and the ministry is targeting needy people through the public," said the source.
Shaikh Mohammed Al-Hajeri to distribute aid gifts to needy families in Riffa before the advent of Ramadan.
If the payment of Zakat (obligatory alms giving in Islam) is made mandatory by law even on commercial entities in Qatar, the expected annual revenue would be to the tune of QR4bn, which is enough to support all the needy inside the country and many in other countries as well, a senior official has said.
The Shacolas Group announced Tuesday it would continue to offer breakfasts to needy students until the end of year.
Summary: The Consulate-General of the UAE in Erbil completed the first phase of the 'Dress One Million Needy Children' campaign in a number of areas of the Kurdistan region of Iraq.