need

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need

[nēd]
(psychology)
An acquired or physiological lack or deficit within the individual.

need(s)

  1. the basic requirements necessary to sustain human life. MASLOW (1954) suggested a hierarchy of needs from the basic physiological needs for food, safety and shelter, to psychological needs of belonging, approval, love, and finally the need for SELF-ACTUALIZATION. Only the physiological needs are essential for sustaining life and, according to Maslow, must be fulfilled before higher needs can be met. Some sociologists have argued that the existence of human needs indicates that universal FUNCTIONAL PREREQUISITES for the survival of any society can be identified.
  2. any socially acquired individual ‘drive’ (personality need), e.g. ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION.
  3. a distinction may also be drawn between basic needs and felt needs. In ECONOMICS, the term wants is used to refer both to psychological and social ‘felt needs’ and also to the goods which stimulate these.
While many sociologists have registered their dissatisfaction with NEEDS 1 , arguing that human needs are not universal but socially formed, conceptions of human needs have not been confined to psychologists or functionalist sociologists. Frankfurt School neo-Marxist sociologists (e.g. MARCUSE) refer to the ‘false needs’ created by capitalist societies, thus implying human ‘needs’. Conceptions of ‘absolute’ and ‘relative’ POVERTY also depend on conceptions of physiological and social needs. see also BASIC HUMAN NEEDS.
References in periodicals archive ?
From the account above, it is clear that OAVI has become a source of hope for the needy and the orphaned in the area of free vocational training.
Njoroge said many needy students drop out of school because of the lack of sustainable support programmes.
He further observed that it was the foremost obligation of the society to equip the needy women with skills in order to give them honourable place in the society.
Country's largest distance learning university, which offers education from matriculation to PhD level has doubled its funds for needy and deserving students.
'We have responsibilities to address the woes of paralyzed and suppressed people of this province therefore I chose social welfare department in order to serve for needy people of Balochistan.' Asad Baloch said reiterated to carry on strive for provincial rights under democratic and constitutional framework.
The ceremony among others was also attended by needy, physically challenged person and elites of Bajaur districts.
Addressing on the occasion, the party's convener and federal Minister Dr Khalid Maqbool Siddiqui said that the charity wing of the party is older than the MQM-P and now they have decided to distribute the food items at the door steps of needy families rather than inviting them to hurt their feelings.
The RM500 aid each for this asnaf group was announced by Member of Parliament for Labuan, Datuk Rozman Isli during the Ramadan Roadshow Programmer and Iftar event with the needy and orphans at the activities hall of the Kampung Sungai Labu Homestay before the breaking of fast last Sunday.
During the ceremony Ramazan food packages were distributed among 1700 poor and needy families.
Summary: Rajkot (Gujarat) [India], May 18 (ANI): In order to ensure that no person goes to bed hungry, a charitable trust named Shree Bolbala Charitable Trust based in Rajkot has come up with an initiative to feed the needy.
THE Chief Imam of Olohungbebe Mosque, Ilorin, Alhaji Lukuman Abdullahi, has called on Muslims to remember the needy during Ramadan fasting which starts on Monday.
Manama, Apr.27 (BNA): The organising committee of the annual Ramadan inititaive ordered by His Royal Highness Prime Minister Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al-Khalifa has started distributing food parcels and basic commodities to needy families, charity societies and funds across Bahrain.