trial

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trial:

see procedureprocedure,
in law, the rules that govern the obtaining of legal redress. This article deals only with civil procedure in Anglo-American law (for criminal procedure, see criminal law).
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Trial

 

a concept used in probability theory. Trials may have one (and only one) of the outcomes A1, A2,. . ., An Each outcome of a trial is considered an “event” that has a certain probability P(Ak). Here Trial always holds.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

What does it mean when you dream about a trial?

Dreaming of being on trial may indicate that the dreamer needs to be more accepting of himself or herself and less judgmental of others.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.

trial

[trīl]
(statistics)
One of a series of duplicate experiments.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Trial

Bardell vs. Pickwick
trial for breach of promise results in imprisonment of both parties for not paying damages and costs. [Br. Lit.: Dickens Pickwick Papers]
Trial by Jury
trial of a breach-of-promise suit is dismissed when the judge decides to many the plaintiff. [Br. Opera: Gilbert and Sullivan Trial by Jury]
Trial, The
Joseph K. is tried by a strange court for an unspecified crime. [Ger. Lit.: Kafka The Trial]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

trial

1. Law
a. the judicial examination of the issues in a civil or criminal cause by a competent tribunal and the determination of these issues in accordance with the law of the land
b. the determination of an accused person's guilt or innocence after hearing evidence for the prosecution and for the accused and the judicial examination of the issues involved
c. (as modifier): trial proceedings
2. a motorcycling competition in which the skills of the riders are tested over rough ground
3. Ceramics a piece of sample material used for testing the heat of a kiln and its effects
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Doctors and nurses are used to seeing and hearing negative trials (there are plenty of negative or inconclusive pharma studies).
Ben Goldacre's talk at the New York City Skeptics Society, where he expressed his concern about pharma companies hiding negative trial data.
"The point is, this was not a slam-dunk negative trial, but it ended up getting reported that way."
Panelists at the meeting said they were not comfortable drawing any conclusions from analyses of patient subgroups in a negative trial. They voted 13-0 that the FDA should require Abbott to conduct a study to test the hypothesis that add-on therapy with fenofibric acid, compared with placebo, significantly lowers the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events in high-risk patients who have reached their LDL cholesterol goal with a statin but have residual high serum TG and low serum HDL cholesterol levels.
Rather than being seen as a negative trial, the study appears to speak to the usefulness of structured, individualized weekly CBT, said Dr.
was already growing at a rate of 109% per year, but the publicity of this negative trial increased growth by an additional 46% in the week immediately following the publication of the negative HRT study.
Since this was a negative trial (showing no difference between the treatment and control groups), it is important that the study was adequately powered to not miss a true difference.
In the wake of yet another negative trial, Pfizer has discontinued research on bapineuzumab, a monoclonal antibody designed to target amyloid beta plaques in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease.
"In terms of primary analysis and primary end point, this is a negative trial," Dr.
The new EVEREST analysis contains an important message for clinical trialists: Using the signs and symptoms of congestion as a key target for treatment during hospitalization as well as the standard end point in acute heart failure studies, as has been common until now, is a recipe for a negative trial result.
Based on extensive post hoc analysis of the phase II data, investigators identified factors that could have contributed to the negative trial and redesigned the study accordingly.
Within the atypical antipsychotic class, there has been only one positive trial for risperidone (Risperdal) and one negative trial for clozapine.