Data on rental income are used to isolate the effect of restrictions on adjacent properties (the neighbor effect
Xie called it the "neighbor effect
." An antibody stuck nearby is more effective than having many antibodies floating throughout the bloodstream.
To evaluate competitive intensities, we chose three measuring indices: relative neighbor effect
(RNE), relative crowding (Dr), and interaction strength (I).
Thus, we propose the following neighbor effect hypothesis as follows:
Neighbor Effect Hypothesis: The likelihood of self-insurance is positively related to the self--insurance behavior of nearby households (as proxied by area participation rates in the MSFH program).
Last but not least, in Model 4, we also incorporate three spatial effect variables and our empirical results show that the neighbor effect
variable [WU1.sub.i,t] is significantly positive at the 1% confidence interval, while the spillover effect variable [WU2.sub.i,t] is significantly positive at the 5% confidence interval, which undoubtedly confirms that the spatial effects do exist in the Chinese regional labor market.
= ([P.sub.C] - [P.sub.N])/[P.sub.C]
The neighbor effect
was tested using the block X neighbor variance; the remaining main effects and interactions were tested using the residual (error) variance.
Second, 'neighbor effects
' or positive externalities in certain behaviors do not justify government support.
The third model takes into account interference through varietal neighbor effects
Positive neighbor effects
on survivorship are often attributable to protection from grazers.
When the defense-level increases, we can expect that [H.sub.D] decreases relative to [H.sub.ND] and that defense simultaneously leads to stronger neighbor effects
as indicated by [delta.sub.D].