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To control these nematodes usually synthetic nematicides are used but the synthetic nematicides may also affect non-target organisms, cause environmental pollution and not safe to farmers and consumers (Siddiqui et al., 2001).
Eden explained its commercial partner in the country, Eastman Chemical Co, which sells the nematicide under the Cenroz brand name, was granted the emergency use green light by the Italian Ministry of Agriculture.
In addition, the S2493 strain, which resulted in a reduction of 41.8% in the nematode population, shows the cry6 gene, which encodes the Cry6 toxin described as a nematicide (BRAVO et al., 2012; PALMA et al., 2014), corroborating the results we obtained in this assay.
Crop protection company AgBiome LLC revealed on Thursday the receipt of a multi-year grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation for the "Biological Nematicides for Root and Tuber Crops," nematology project.
We hypothesize that mimosine may have a major function as anti-cell proliferation of male germ cells since previous reports have demonstrated in other system about theinhibitory activities of many cancer cells, cell divisions, cell proliferations and differentiations, herbicidal, insecticide, and nematicide activities (Tawada, 1990; Wang et al.; Hughes & Cook; Krude; Chung et al.; Park et al.; Bottini-Luzardo et al.; Fallon; Nguyen & Tawata).
Currently, crop rotation, soil solarization, nematode-free seedlings, and the use of nematicides are adopted by Ghanaian farmers for managing nematodes [16, 19].
However, the indiscriminate use of nematicides can burden the production, endangers rural operators' health and also exert strong selection pressure on the organisms in the soil.
During the first reading, the presence of a high number of galls in the positive control treatment would be due to low activity of the nematicide at a single application.
is performed through the use of fumigant nematicides (Metam sodium and Dazomet) or non-fumigants (Cadusafos and Carbofuran) (BARRES et al, 2006; LINAN, 2009; ICA, 2014), perhaps by their effectiveness in reducing levels population and its availability on the market (ARAYA, 2003; PERRY et al., 2009).
We apply two control parameters: the injection of nematicide to the host pine tree and the aerial spraying of pesticide to kill adult pine sawyers.
GROWERS gathered this week in North Yorkshire where Potato Council-funded cultivation and nematicide trials were on show.
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