neo-Kantian


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Related to neo-Kantian: Neukantianismus

neo-Kantian

applied to German social philosophical movements of the late 19th-and early 20th-century that attempted to ‘return to KANT’, acknowledging:
  1. an objective (or intersubjective) phenomenal realm (natural science); and
  2. the social realm, a realm of human ACTION and values. During the METHODENSTREIT of the 1890s, RICKERT and Windelband were particularly influential in reintroducing the idea that mind and mental CATEGORIES shape our perceptions of the world, and in stressing a distinction between the ‘historical’ and cultural sciences, concerned with unique configurations, and the ‘natural’ sciences, and insisted that the former required a method that recognized the specificity and value-related nature of their subject matter. They suggested that any attempt to analyse and describe the social world is thus bound to simplify either by imposing general categories or in interpreting reality in relation to its relevance for values. This way of thinking influenced both SIMMEL and WEBER. see also IDIOGRAPHIC AND NOMOTHETIC.
References in periodicals archive ?
Voegelin was familiar with neo-Kantian thinking but had some reservations about its methods.
24) Based precisely on this relational character of private law, contemporary neo-Kantian scholars have developed the modern private law categories of contract, (25) tort, (26) unjust enrichment (27) and the law of property.
In his monograph on Foucault, Deleuze is even more explicit, proposing a systematic interpretation of Foucault's work as a neo-Kantian reinvention of transcendentalism:
Kantian and Neo-Kantian philosophers appealed to universality of reason and higher-order values, Rawls appealed to equality and justice.
Second, Hindess complains that neo-Kantian philosophers' recourse to meaning as responsible for real-world phenomena is problematic.
Around the same time, a group of neo-Kantian philosophers sought to more rigorously frame the terms of debate.
This approach helps him to establish that Simmel's Neo-Kantian style of thinking profoundly affected his conception of "the Jew.
This book combines analysis of the scientific work of German physician and physicist Hermann von Helmholtz (1821-1894) with exploration of its neo-Kantian philosophical background in order to proffer a new interpretation of Helmholtz's work in geometry.
One might be surprised that Brondos would choose Albrecht Ritschl over Friedrich Schleiermacher as representative of modern theology, but Ritschl's work integrates aspects of Schleiermacher's "feeling of absolute dependence," as well as the neo-Kantian heritage of an ethical framework of the "kingdom of God" as honoring people as "ends-in-themselves.
Other chapters address writings concerning the effect of technology on the world economy and security, US grand strategy in both a neo-Kantian and neo-Hobbesian world, and US defense strategies.
Those whose works are classified as neo-Kantian include Francis Fukuyama, Thomas Friedman, Jeffrey Garten, Robert Keohane, and Anne-Marie Slaughter, while neo-Hobbesians include Zbigniew Brzezinski, William Pfaff, Robert Kaplan, Bernard Lewis, and Kenneth Pollack--though there are some, like Samuel Huntington, who occupy both camps, and most incorporate, to one degree or another, elements of both worldviews.
Blinded by circumstance to the parallel lines on which they are contemporaneously working, these three together are posthumously compelled into complementarity and mobilized by Renfrew in a correction of Bakhtin himself, whose 1929 monograph on Dostoevsky is seen as a 'dialogical hybrid' perched precariously astride a divide be tween an inherited neo-Kantian 'idealism' and the 'higher materialism' of the 'turn' to language which his two younger colleagues had presumably encouraged in him; here, and in a succession of later works, he simultaneously suggests and resists the conclusion that 'the object of the human sciences is not "being" or "man" but is rather their verbal embodiment' (p.