neo-scholasticism


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neo-scholasticism,

philosophical viewpoint, prominent in the 19th and 20th cent., that sought to apply the doctrines of scholasticismscholasticism
, philosophy and theology of Western Christendom in the Middle Ages. Virtually all medieval philosophers of any significance were theologians, and their philosophy is generally embodied in their theological writings.
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 to contemporary political, economic, and social problems. It is often called neo-Thomism for its close links to St. Thomas AquinasThomas Aquinas, Saint
[Lat.,=from Aquino], 1225–74, Italian philosopher and theologian, Doctor of the Church, known as the Angelic Doctor, b. Rocca Secca (near Naples).
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, but it is more properly called neo-scholasticism, as the movement encompassed the principles of other scholastics, such as Duns ScotusDuns Scotus, John
[Lat. Scotus=Irishman or Scot], c.1266–1308, scholastic philosopher and theologian, called the Subtle Doctor. A native of Scotland, he became a Franciscan and taught at Oxford, Paris, and Cologne.
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. Jacques MaritainMaritain, Jacques
, 1882–1973, French Neo-Thomist philosopher. He was educated at the Sorbonne and the Univ. of Heidelberg and was much influenced by the philosophy of Henri Bergson.
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 and Étienne GilsonGilson, Étienne
, 1884–1978, French philosopher and historian, b. Paris. He taught the history of medieval philosophy at the Sorbonne (1921–32) and then took the chair of medieval philosophy at the Collège de France.
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 were eminent neo-scholastics.
References in periodicals archive ?
The adoption of this logic means that Christian politics were changed by Kantian liberalism, not primarily by Thomistic natural law or medieval canon law (the thesis of Brian Tierney) or neo-Scholasticism or even secularized Protestantism.
The second encouragement to neo-Scholasticism was with the election of Belgian Pieter Jan Beckx as superior general of the Society at General Congregation 22 in 1853.
My work on these two questions is complementary: the second is the logical outcome of the first, since neo-Scholasticism is a historical or, rather, metahistorical.
Second, succeeding to the "classicist" worldview of neo-Scholasticism, a new historical consciousness was manifest in ressourcement, aggiornamento, and a belated recognition of religious liberty.
For many like me, he was a man who opened a theological vision that was much wider than the world of neo-scholasticism which dominated Catholic theology during the first half of the 20th century until the time of Vatican Council II.
Louvain University, the center of Catholic neo-scholasticism, provided the young priest with the Thomistic philosophical framework of fixed universal forms, natural law, and theocentrism that became his guiding spirit.
s departure from the neo-Scholasticism of Orthodox manual theology characterized by Western form, over-systematization, unnecessary speculation, lack of spiritual concern, and juridical approach.
He recalls the restoration of Neo-Scholasticism, particularly the once-suspect Thomas Aquinas.
points out, Dialectal Theology could therefore be called an "antimodern modern" phenomenon, just as neo-Scholasticism turned out to be.
s themes trace the development from "boundaries" to "trading zones" to ressourcement, a concept used by Henri de Lubac to describe theologians' return to patristic and medieval sources to revitalize theological discourse after the long reign of neo-Scholasticism.
Leo's turn to Thomas did not envision the negative solution of Louvain's neo-Scholasticism.