neoadjuvant chemotherapy


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neoadjuvant chemotherapy

[‚nē·ō¦aj·ə·vənt ‚kē·mō′ther·ə·pē]
(medicine)
A type of chemotherapy that is used to shrink a tumor prior to surgery or radiation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Matsubara, "Neoadjuvant chemotherapy for recurrent colorectal cancer," Gan to Kagaku Ryoho, vol.
Sentinel lymph node surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with node-positive breast cancer: The ACOSOG Z1071 (Alliance) Clinical Trial.
Quality of pathologic response and surgery correlate with survival for patients with completely resected bladder cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Cancer 2009;115:4104-4109.
cfcDNA- and ctDNA-concentration evolution during chemotherapy.: (A), cfcDNA and (B), ctDNA during treatment; T1 before starting neoadjuvant chemotherapy; T2 after 1 cycle of treatment; T3 before surgery; T4 after surgery.
Patients were treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy with anthracyclines and/or taxanes, for at least 4 cycles, according to the current protocol.
Analysis of Ki-67 expression detected by immunohistochemistry found that positive Ki-67 expression tends to be responsive to neoadjuvant chemotherapy 20 (76.9%) and negative Ki-67 expression tends to be nonresponsive to neoadjuvant chemotherapy 12 (54.5%); there were statistically significant differences with p value = 0.025 (p < 0.05).
Hatzis et al., "Measurement of residual breast cancer burden to predict survival after neoadjuvant chemotherapy," Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol.
Previous studies in breast cancer reported an association between high Ki-67 index after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and poor prognosis.
Primary breast cancer: mammographic changes after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, with pathologic correlation.
Concurrent image-guided intensity modulated radiotherapy and chemotherapy following neoadjuvant chemotherapy for locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
Our first diagnosis was ovarian cancer; therefore, three cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy with Taxol 175 mg/[m.sup.2] and Carboplatin 300 mg/[m.sup.2] were performed.
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy has been tried out successfully in other cancers like cancer of larynx.