The authors state that less medical intervention during planned homebirth is associated with a tripling of the neonatal mortality rate
. The assumption here is that if women had more intervention the baby may have 'survived'.
Improving access to prenatal care, increasing public health expenditure on health, and broadening access to sanitation and water supply were all independently correlated with declining infant mortality rates in Brazil's states; however, higher cesarean delivery rates were associated with higher late neonatal mortality rates
. These findings have implications for optimally allocating resources and setting priorities for public health policies.
The predicted neonatal mortality rates
and 95% confidence intervals are shown in Tables 3 and 4.
neonatal mortality rate
, (Wise, 1990) the fact that variations still exist within this country in perinatal mortality rates indicates that further efforts are needed to broaden access to such levels of care.
Reporting may be incomplete (especially from larger hospitals) StatsSA = Statistics South Africa; NMR = neonatal mortality rate
. Table 2.
In the same 'lower middle-income' countries group as Pakistan and India , Sri Lanka has the lowest neonatal mortality rate
of 5.2, which is comparable with high-income countries.
High neonatal mortality rates
in rural India: what options to explore?
The study looked at several aspects of natal care and ranked 195 countries in terms of safety to be born in, which is derivative of neonatal mortality rates
per thousand live births in 2012.
[4,5] In 2009, SA was one of 8 countries in which the neonatal mortality rate
(NMR) was higher than the baseline in 1990.'3,51 Starting from a rate of 21/1 000 live births in 1998, neonatal mortality needs to be reduced to 7/1 000 live births in 2015 for MDG4 to be attained.
Qatar's neonatal mortality rate
corrected for lethal congenital anomalies and futility (cNMR) during 2011 was 3.3/1000.
It is known that neonatal mortality rate
in Diyarbakir is rather high (20/1000) and the fact that neonatal transport conditions are not at a desired level is an important factor affecting this high rate (30,31).
Three causes--prematurity and low birth weight, neonatal infections, and birth asphyxia and birth trauma--accounted for 78% of all neonatal deaths; the neonatal mortality rate
was 20% higher among boys than girls (40.1 vs.