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a genus of insectivorous plants of the family Nepenthaceae. They are terrestrial or epiphytic shrubs, sub-shrubs, or perennial herbs. The stems are generally prostrate or climbing and measure up to 6–20 m long; some forms are erect and short, reaching only 20–30 cm in height. The leaves are alternate and exstipulate. The unisexual flowers are usually four-parted and gathered in paniculate or racemose inflorescences. The fruit is a capsule. In mature leaves the midrib usually extends into a tendril that entwines itself around a support.

An ascidium that serves to capture insects develops at the end of the tendril. The ascidia are 5–15 cm long and 3–5 cm wide; in Nepenthes rajah, they are up to 25 cm long and 10–15 cm wide. The walls of the ascidia are often mottled with reddish spots. Insects are attracted by the nectar and the bright coloring of the ascidium; they slide down the smooth margin of the trap to the interior and drown in a fluid containing organic acids and digestive enzymes that are secreted by glandules at the bottom of the ascidium. These same glandules, after digesting the body of the insect, absorb the products of decomposition, thus compensating for the deficiency of nitrogen, phosphorus, and other substances characteristic of plants that usually inhabit swampy soils.

There are more than 70 species of Nepenthes, distributed primarily in the tropics of Asia. About 20 species are found on Kalimantan and Sumatra. A few species grow in Indochina, the Philippines, New Guinea, and tropical Australia. Many species and hybrids of Nepenthes are cultivated in greenhouses.


Kholodnyi, N. G. “Charlz Darvin i sovremennye znaniia o nasekomoiadnykh rasteniiakh.” In C. Darwi Soch., vol. 7. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.


References in periodicals archive ?
The nepenthe theory premise is that out of necessity defense mechanism usage is brought forth to protect self-esteem and the integrity and integration of the self.
Here, as in "The Triumph of Life," the nepenthe dispensed by women begins to resemble laudanum, about which medical men in the nineteenth century widely debated its use as a stimulant, a sedative or both.
Lying disorder (below) and nepenthe defense mechanism disorder could result from psychological dissemblance.
The Albarino varietal is relatively new to Australia but Nepenthe viticulturalist Murray Leake said the cool climate and high rainfall in the Adelaide Hills where the winery was based made for ideal growing conditions.
2008) have also opened including Nepenthe restaurant, the Big Sur Bakery, Sierra Mar, Big Sur River Inn restaurant and the Roadhouse.
This is hardly evident, however, as it is usually dealt with with nepenthe defense mechanism disorder.
While growing up around a strong food and wine culture with a Spanish grandmother with a love for cooking, it took helping good friend James Tweddell and his family establish their Nepenthe winery and vineyards in Lenswood, for Matt to discover his true passion for wine and a love for making it.
Harrington owed much of his success as a breeder to the Nepenthe mare Ash Plant, dam of 1960 Belmont Stakes winner Celtic Ash and Irish Oaks third Ashavan.
For example, a red wine from the same Nepenthe 'Tryst' range as my wine of the week includes Tempranillo (from Spain) and a little Zinfandel (from Italy via California).
Stratford's Wine Agencies has appointed Edward Fancourt to manage its portfolio of wines, including Nepenthe, Wakefield Estate and Hope Estate, in the role of account manager for the north of England and Midlands.
Nepenthe Restaurant provides diners with unforgettable food and unparalleled views of the California coast.
Lunch in Big Sur is often taken from a paper bag at a beach or on a trail, but if you're looking for something a little less Spartan, consider Nepenthe, along the highway at the south end of town.