nephrectomy

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nephrectomy

[nə′frek·tə·mē]
(medicine)
Surgical removal of a kidney.
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The current study confirms the results from our earlier study based on 221 nephrectomies.
Although simple nephrectomies are generally thought to be easier than radical nephrectomies, adhesions secondary to previous pyelonephritis and larger nonfunctioning kidneys can be challenging in simple nephrectomy cases.
During the time period of the study, at our institution, partial nephrectomies for T1a tumors increased in frequency: 1998-2002, 24% partial; 2003-2005, 26% partial; and 2006-2008, 55% partial.
Retroperitoneal approach is advantageous to transperitoneal approach in terms of operative time, blood loss, and length of hospital stay for laparoscopic nephrectomies.
Laparoscopic surgeries made up 4% of radical nephrectomies in 2000-2001 and 19% of those done in 2002-2003.
To our knowledge, we are the first study to review our initial experience with the zero ischemia protocol in robotic-assisted partial nephrectomies at a Canadian hospital.
Although most surgeons still perform open procedures, especially on diseased kidneys, some nephrectomies are performed endoscopically for organ donation to maximize patient willingness to donate and to mitigate the fear of donation.
The 16 LESS surgeries included 7 dismembered pyeloplasties (44%), 4 unilateral and 1 bilateral varicocelectomies (31%), 2 simple nephrectomies (13%), 1 renal cyst decortication (6%) in a child with large symptomatic multicystic kidney, and 1 pyelolithotomy (6%) in a child who had cystinuria and a history or multiple percutaneous nephrolithotomies (Table 1).
She was followed monthly by nephrology until she received a cadaveric renal transplant 21 months after the nephrectomies.
In a series of 800 partial nephrectomies completed laparoscopically and conducted between 1999 and 2008, the diameter of the lesions ranged from 1.
Implementation and external validation of Preoperative Aspects and Dimensions Used for an Anatomical (PADUA) score for predicting complications in 74 consecutive partial nephrectomies.
We compared the complications and renal functional outcomes after nephrectomies according to surgical methods.