Tenofovir-related nephrotoxicity in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients: three cases of renal failure, Fanconi syndrome, and nephrogenic
Gadolinium-based contrast agents and nephrogenic
systemic fibrosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Development of lithium-induced nephrogenic
diabetes insipidus is dissociated from adenylcyclase activity.
Adenomatous metaplasia (nephrogenic
adenoma) of urothelium: an analysis of 70 cases.
In this study, we found a novel hemizygous missense mutation in the AVPR2 gene at the position 80th in exon 2 causing congenital nephrogenic
diabetes insipidus in a 6-year-old boy presenting with growth failure and dull normal cognitive functions.
systemic fibrosis: a serious late adverse reaction to gadodiamide.
adenoma: report of a case and review of morphologic mimics.
Contrast Media-Induced Nephropathy and Nephrogenic
fibrosing dermopathy###Sclerotic plaque###Indurated area of plaque###punch
The most frequent long-term effects are: alopecia, acne, hypothyroidism, hyperparathyroidism, weight gain, polyuria, polydipsia (due to nephrogenic
diabetes insipidus) and chronic renal insufficiency (mainly due to interstitial nephritis) (1,3,5,9-11).
Multiple case reports of AKI, Fanconi syndrome, and nephrogenic
diabetes insipidus associated with TDF use have been published.
However, gadolinium-enhanced MRI was recently linked with nephrogenic
systemic fibrosis, a severe, potentially fatal adverse reaction, in some patients with renal impairment.