On the other hand, Helisachar's letter tends to support Levy's argument for an early date for the origin of neumes
But will these Byzantine neumes
always be included above the Western transcriptions in publications in order to provide a more accurate interpretation especially for those who are not students of the field?
In a broad comparative way the author discusses the Latin neumes
In the neumes
written by [Sigma], there are many groups that appear more than once, further affirming the discoveries by Haug and Gunilla Bjorkvall (as noted by Arlt on page 63 of the commentary) that certain melismas used to trope Proper chants recur in one chant after another.
Ziolkowski believes that neumators included neumes
as a way to enhance the value of their texts, like rubrication, glossing, or illumination: "In those centuries when Latinity and cantillation went hand in hand, making at least parts of the classics chantable or singable would have endowed them with added value" (57).
Palomares's copy is remarkable for its nearly exact representation of both the text and the neumes
of the medieval model at a time when few were studying liturgical books in Spain, much less their musical notation.
20050), Haines asserts that its notation "resembles the traditional neumes
of plainchant" (p.
Most red staff lines and neumes
are legible, and the rubrics appear as a lighter shade of gray.