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Related to neural retina: Retinal pigment epithelium

neural

of or relating to a nerve or the nervous system
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References in periodicals archive ?
Since the 4th week after differentiation, morphologically identifiable neural retina (NR) domains along with RPE domains were mechanically detached with Tungsten needle and cultured in suspension condition for formation of retinal organoids.
In this study, diabetic rats treated with ipragliflozin demonstrated reduced prolongation of oscillatory potential in the electroretinogram, irregularities of the outer nuclear layers of the neural retina were absent, and ipragliflozin inhibited the progression of cataract formation in the lens [52].
RPCs are localized in several different tissues in the eye, including the ciliary marginal zone, neural retina, retinal pigmented epithelium, and the iris.
Thus, it is very important to understand the roles of complement in tissue homeostasis and pathobiology of neural retina. Given that CS is one of many important players in multifaceted configuration of cellular, humoral, and molecular factors regulating tissue homeostasis, its dual role in protecting and harming the retina depends on the entire pathophysiology accompanying AMD development and progression.
Above this sensory tissue is a layer called the neural retina made up of several different layers of nerve cells including the top one called the Nerve Fiber Layer or NFL.
Citation: "Self-Formation of Optic Cups and Storable Stratified Neural Retina from Human ESCs;" Tokushige Nakano et al.; Cell Stem Cell, Volume 10, Issue 6, 771-785, 14 June 2012, DOI: 10.1016/ j.stem.2012.05.009
"Human ESC-derived neural retina grows into multilayered tissue containing both rods and cones, whereas cone differentiation is rare in mouse ESC culture," the article said.
The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) is a highly specialized tissue located between the choroids and the neural retina. RPE cells support, protect and provide nutrition for the light-sensitive photoreceptors.
Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction experiments were performed to assess the expression of FGFs in the cornea epithelium and neural retina during various time points prior to and during lens regeneration.
"Our results demonstrate that swine stem cells can be integrated into a damaged swine neural retina," Dean said.
The RPE cells also absorb light and prevent incident light being reflected back to the neural retina, which result in loss of image sharpness.

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