neuralgia

(redirected from neuralgic)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to neuralgic: neuralgic amyotrophy

neuralgia

(no͝orăl`jə, nyo͝o–), acute paroxysmal pain along a peripheral sensory nerve. Unlike neuritisneuritis
, inflammation of a peripheral nerve, often accompanied by degenerative changes in nervous tissue. The cause can be mechanical (injury, pressure), vascular (occlusion of a vessel or hemorrhage into nerve tissue), infectious (invasion by microorganisms), toxic (metallic
..... Click the link for more information.
, there is no inflammation or degeneration of nerve tissue. Neuralgia occurs commonly in the area of the facial, or trigeminal, nerve and brings attacks of excruciating pain at varying intervals. Often no cause can be found for trigeminal neuralgia, and in severe cases deadening of the nerve with novocaine or alcohol, or even surgical interruption of the nerve, is necessary to bring relief. Neuralgia can be caused by such disturbances as diabetes, infections, diseases of the nervous system, anemia, and extreme cold. The pain may occur for many months after an attack of shingles (see herpes zosterherpes zoster,
infection of a ganglion (nerve center) with severe pain and a blisterlike eruption in the area of the nerve distribution, a condition called shingles. The causative organism is varicella zoster, a common, filtrable virus that is also known to cause chicken pox.
..... Click the link for more information.
), and it is one of the symptoms of syphilitic involvement of the central nervous system. In many cases, pain can be relieved by hot applications, drugs, and various kinds of physiotherapy.

Neuralgia

 

a pathological condition that is characterized by attacks of pain at the innervation site of a peripheral nerve. In contrast to neuritis, neuralgia does not involve motor disturbances or a loss of sensitivity, and structural changes in the affected nerve are not observed.

Neuralgias develop predominantly in nerves that pass through narrow canals and openings. With primary, or essential, neuralgia no accompanying diseases are clinically observed; with secondary, or symptomatic, neuralgia inflammatory processes, tumors, or other conditions harmful to nerves can arise. Should the neuralgia be prolonged, a neuritic stage can arise in which structural changes accompanied by a loss of sensitivity in the nerve become apparent.

Neuralgia produces paroxysmal pains and such autonomic vascular disturbances as reddening of the skin and lacrimation; sometimes localized muscle spasms in the form of painful tics occur. Neuralgia most commonly affects the trigeminal nerve; other nerves, such as the greater and lesser occipitals and the glossopharyngeal, are less frequently involved.

Secondary neuralgias are treated by curing the causative disease. In primary neuralgia, treatment involves injections of Novocain, topical use of Xylocaine, physiotherapy, and the use of B vitamins. Antispasmodics are specifically used for neuralgia of the trigeminal nerve.

V. A. KARLOV

neuralgia

[nu̇′ral·jē·ə]
(medicine)
Pain in or along the course of one or more nerves. Also known as neurodynia.

neuralgia

severe spasmodic pain caused by damage to or malfunctioning of a nerve and often following the course of the nerve
References in periodicals archive ?
To this situation we must add the fact that Colciencias Colombia lists very little in regards to the promotion of research from the social sciences or from the arts, because it channels its support primarily towards technological innovation, towards experimentation in the hard sciences, and towards the neuralgic problems of the country where they have identified strategic interests.
The human brain cannot be dispensed with; it is the neuralgic centre around which the entire system spins.
Whether and how the Court chooses to involve itself in some of the perennially neuralgic areas of international politics is also an open question.
We should, perhaps, begin by saying that we intend proactively to identify authors who are demonstrably able to bring theory and critically analyzed and contextualized practice to bear on neuralgic contemporary issues.
The literature output of the field of quality management proposes a very useful solution to cope with the quality problems that appear in neuralgic points in processes, which might be helpful in dealing with service quality gaps.
The neuralgic reactions in both India and Pakistan to the Sharm Al Sheikh joint statement of July 16, 2009 are a measure of the sensitivity and irrationality that dog attempts to rework India-Pakistan relations, and of how fraught these relations are.
2008): Complementary therapies for neuropathic and neuralgic pain.
Furthermore, other minor signs including dysgeusia/ageusia, neuralgic pain, tinnitus, vertigo, sudden deafness, anosmia, hyperesthesia, paresthesia, migraine headaches, nausea, vomiting, facial tics or spasms, can be found in the patients (9).
It is hardly surprising, then, that resolving the world's most neuralgic conflicts, such as the Israeli-Palestinian dispute, the war in Iraq, and the threat posed by al-Qaeda, will require the participation of religious leaders.
Obama tackled the most neuralgic issue in hemispheric relations when he abandoned longstanding restrictions on the ability of Cuban-Americans to visit family members in Cuba and send them money.
But the price that was supposedly paid by the Palestinians touched another neuralgic lobe in the European mind.
4) More recently, African resistance to AFRICOM appears to be diminishing, but the neuralgic attitude of African populations and governments toward American "boots on the ground" is durable.