neuralgia

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Related to neuralgic: neuralgic amyotrophy

neuralgia

(no͝orăl`jə, nyo͝o–), acute paroxysmal pain along a peripheral sensory nerve. Unlike neuritisneuritis
, inflammation of a peripheral nerve, often accompanied by degenerative changes in nervous tissue. The cause can be mechanical (injury, pressure), vascular (occlusion of a vessel or hemorrhage into nerve tissue), infectious (invasion by microorganisms), toxic (metallic
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, there is no inflammation or degeneration of nerve tissue. Neuralgia occurs commonly in the area of the facial, or trigeminal, nerve and brings attacks of excruciating pain at varying intervals. Often no cause can be found for trigeminal neuralgia, and in severe cases deadening of the nerve with novocaine or alcohol, or even surgical interruption of the nerve, is necessary to bring relief. Neuralgia can be caused by such disturbances as diabetes, infections, diseases of the nervous system, anemia, and extreme cold. The pain may occur for many months after an attack of shingles (see herpes zosterherpes zoster,
infection of a ganglion (nerve center) with severe pain and a blisterlike eruption in the area of the nerve distribution, a condition called shingles. The causative organism is varicella-zoster, a common, filtrable virus that also causes chickenpox, and can hide
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), and it is one of the symptoms of syphilitic involvement of the central nervous system. In many cases, pain can be relieved by hot applications, drugs, and various kinds of physiotherapy.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Neuralgia

 

a pathological condition that is characterized by attacks of pain at the innervation site of a peripheral nerve. In contrast to neuritis, neuralgia does not involve motor disturbances or a loss of sensitivity, and structural changes in the affected nerve are not observed.

Neuralgias develop predominantly in nerves that pass through narrow canals and openings. With primary, or essential, neuralgia no accompanying diseases are clinically observed; with secondary, or symptomatic, neuralgia inflammatory processes, tumors, or other conditions harmful to nerves can arise. Should the neuralgia be prolonged, a neuritic stage can arise in which structural changes accompanied by a loss of sensitivity in the nerve become apparent.

Neuralgia produces paroxysmal pains and such autonomic vascular disturbances as reddening of the skin and lacrimation; sometimes localized muscle spasms in the form of painful tics occur. Neuralgia most commonly affects the trigeminal nerve; other nerves, such as the greater and lesser occipitals and the glossopharyngeal, are less frequently involved.

Secondary neuralgias are treated by curing the causative disease. In primary neuralgia, treatment involves injections of Novocain, topical use of Xylocaine, physiotherapy, and the use of B vitamins. Antispasmodics are specifically used for neuralgia of the trigeminal nerve.

V. A. KARLOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

neuralgia

[nu̇′ral·jē·ə]
(medicine)
Pain in or along the course of one or more nerves. Also known as neurodynia.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

neuralgia

severe spasmodic pain caused by damage to or malfunctioning of a nerve and often following the course of the nerve
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
These sensory functional alterations within the neurons account for the allodynia, hyperalgesia, burning, and electric shock-like sensations characteristic of postherpetic neuralgic pain [2, 6, 11].
Neuralgic amyotrophy (NA) is a marked sudden onset disorder which may present in otherwise healthy individuals characterized by abrupt symptoms of severe neuropathic pain of the upper extremity and subsequent neuromusculoskeletal dysfunction of the shoulder girdle.
The next most frequent manifestation was PTS, also called brachial neuritis or neuralgic amyotrophy, which was found in 4 patients.
The observed frequency of patients with neuralgic pain is high and raises a suspicion about diagnosis.
The issue is too neuralgic, the history too troubled, the ramifications too deep to be decided on high by nine robes.
McGrath's problem was later diagnosed as neuralgic amyotrophy, most probably related to a viral infection.
There was no neuralgic pain preceding the eruption possibly due to steroids.
The sufferer may be delirious, anxious, fearful, and experience hyperaesthesia of all of the senses, neuralgic pains that come and go, dryness of mouth and throat and an aversion to water.
These two important books appeared in the same year, both from faculty members of Lutheran Theological Seminary at Gettysburg, addressing one of the most neuralgic points in Luther studies: his tragically disastrous writings about and against the Jews.
Still insist that it's best not to raise neuralgic issues like testing with the customer?
"In the wake of the administration's 'restructuring' -read cancelation-of the SM-3 Block IIB which was supposedly the most neuralgic part for Moscow of the administration's (European Phased Adaptive Approach), the Russians are signaling that they are pocketing that concession and upping the ante in their opposition to missile defense-not just in Europe, but globally," Edelman said in an email.