neuralgia

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Related to neuralgic: neuralgic amyotrophy

neuralgia

(no͝orăl`jə, nyo͝o–), acute paroxysmal pain along a peripheral sensory nerve. Unlike neuritisneuritis
, inflammation of a peripheral nerve, often accompanied by degenerative changes in nervous tissue. The cause can be mechanical (injury, pressure), vascular (occlusion of a vessel or hemorrhage into nerve tissue), infectious (invasion by microorganisms), toxic (metallic
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, there is no inflammation or degeneration of nerve tissue. Neuralgia occurs commonly in the area of the facial, or trigeminal, nerve and brings attacks of excruciating pain at varying intervals. Often no cause can be found for trigeminal neuralgia, and in severe cases deadening of the nerve with novocaine or alcohol, or even surgical interruption of the nerve, is necessary to bring relief. Neuralgia can be caused by such disturbances as diabetes, infections, diseases of the nervous system, anemia, and extreme cold. The pain may occur for many months after an attack of shingles (see herpes zosterherpes zoster,
infection of a ganglion (nerve center) with severe pain and a blisterlike eruption in the area of the nerve distribution, a condition called shingles. The causative organism is varicella zoster, a common, filtrable virus that is also known to cause chicken pox.
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), and it is one of the symptoms of syphilitic involvement of the central nervous system. In many cases, pain can be relieved by hot applications, drugs, and various kinds of physiotherapy.

Neuralgia

 

a pathological condition that is characterized by attacks of pain at the innervation site of a peripheral nerve. In contrast to neuritis, neuralgia does not involve motor disturbances or a loss of sensitivity, and structural changes in the affected nerve are not observed.

Neuralgias develop predominantly in nerves that pass through narrow canals and openings. With primary, or essential, neuralgia no accompanying diseases are clinically observed; with secondary, or symptomatic, neuralgia inflammatory processes, tumors, or other conditions harmful to nerves can arise. Should the neuralgia be prolonged, a neuritic stage can arise in which structural changes accompanied by a loss of sensitivity in the nerve become apparent.

Neuralgia produces paroxysmal pains and such autonomic vascular disturbances as reddening of the skin and lacrimation; sometimes localized muscle spasms in the form of painful tics occur. Neuralgia most commonly affects the trigeminal nerve; other nerves, such as the greater and lesser occipitals and the glossopharyngeal, are less frequently involved.

Secondary neuralgias are treated by curing the causative disease. In primary neuralgia, treatment involves injections of Novocain, topical use of Xylocaine, physiotherapy, and the use of B vitamins. Antispasmodics are specifically used for neuralgia of the trigeminal nerve.

V. A. KARLOV

neuralgia

[nu̇′ral·jē·ə]
(medicine)
Pain in or along the course of one or more nerves. Also known as neurodynia.

neuralgia

severe spasmodic pain caused by damage to or malfunctioning of a nerve and often following the course of the nerve
References in periodicals archive ?
4) Parsonage and Turner introduced a description of clinical characteristics associated with neuralgic amyotrophy in a series of 136 cases in 1948.
Still insist that it's best not to raise neuralgic issues like testing with the customer?
In the wake of the administration's 'restructuring' -read cancelation-of the SM-3 Block IIB which was supposedly the most neuralgic part for Moscow of the administration's (European Phased Adaptive Approach), the Russians are signaling that they are pocketing that concession and upping the ante in their opposition to missile defense-not just in Europe, but globally," Edelman said in an email.
These are the neuralgic points for the French population, where family values remain strong.
Other chapters address mechanisms of neuropathic pain, therapeutics, carpal tunnel syndrome, cervical radiculopathy, meralgia paresthetica, Lyme radiculopathy, neuralgic amyotrophy, herpes zoster infection, polyneuropathies, inherited amyloidosis, sarcoidosis, Fabry disease, proximal myotonic myopathy, complex regional pain syndrome, polymyalgia rheumatica, phantom pain, Brown-Sequard syndrome, syringomyelia, and headache disorders, and give information on the patient's history, clinical findings, investigations, diagnosis, and treatment.
Homeopathic uses include neuralgic pains, rapid pulse and blood congestion in the head (Lockie 2000).
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The 26-year-old was involved in a lifechanging accident, was handed a drug ban after testing positive in 2009 and then over the last 12 months was hospitalised following the diagnosis of neuralgic migraines.
Worsening relations between the United States and Pakistan and the recent closure of the NATO supply line to Afghanistan through Pakistan have offered new leverage to Russia, but also increase the risk of instability along its neuralgic border region.
WASHINGTON: Worsening relations between the US and Pakistan and the closure of the NATO supply line to Afghanistan through Pakistan have offered new leverage to Russia, but also increase the risk of instability along its neuralgic border region.