Neurinoma


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Related to Neurinoma: neuroma, schwannoma
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Neurinoma

 

a benign tumor that originates in the membrane of a nerve trunk. Neurinomas are most often found in the auditory nerve. Neurinoma of the skin usually appears on the extremities and is painful. With neurinoma of the auditory nerve, noises are heard in the ear and a decrease in hearing to the point of complete deafness can occur. As the neurinoma develops further, many symptoms that are due to increased intracranial pressure arise. These include dizziness, weakness in the mimetic muscles, tremor of the eyes, and headaches. Neurinomas are treated surgically.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Resection of thoracic dumbbell neurinomas: single postero-lateral approach or combined posterior and transthoracic approach?
Rates that did raise over time, mainly observed in women, were due to meningiomas, involving primarily thoracic levels, and neurinomas. Although the study period covered 18 years, the amount of data is too little to draw firm conclusions about a univocal relationship between tumour type, metastasis in spinal cord, and changes over time.
Dumbbell neurinomas of the thoracic tract were treated in 7 cases with a transpeduncular approach and in 4 cases with a costotransversectomy.
Early diagnosis of an acoustic neurinoma is key to preventing its serious consequences.
Surgical findings in idiopathic trigeminal neuropathy mimicking a trigeminal neurinoma. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 1999;141(3):269-72.
(6.) Gordon DS, Kerr AG, Cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea following surgery for acoustic neurinoma report of two cases.
Nasal neurinoma: Case report and review of literature.
DISCUSSION: The study of Vestibular schwannoma by the medical fraternity started as early as in 1777, when Sandifort described the post mortem findings of a case of "Acoustic Neurinoma".
A trigeminal neurinoma involving the lacrimal nerve: Case report.
[1] Schwannoma was first reported by Verocay in 1910, who described it as neurinoma. (2) Schwannomas are more common in the age group of 30 to 50 years.