Neurobiology

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Neurobiology

Study of the development and function of the nervous system, with emphasis on how nerve cells generate and control behavior. The major goal of neurobiology is to explain at the molecular level how nerve cells differentiate and develop their specific connections and how nerve networks store and recall information. Ancillary studies on disease processes and drug effects in the nervous system also provide useful approaches for understanding the normal state by comparison with perturbed or abnormal systems. The functions of the nervous system may be studied at several levels: molecular, subcellular (organelle), cellular, simple multicellular interacting systems, complex systems, and higher functions (whole animal behavior). See Biopotentials and ionic currents, Memory, Motor systems, Nervous system (invertebrate), Nervous system (vertebrate), Nervous system disorders, Neuron, Sense organ, Synaptic transmission

McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Bioscience. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Consequently, we believe that taking this issue into consideration in studies related to PTSD while designing studies will contribute to our understanding of the neurobiological etiology of PTSD.
For example, recent studies by neuroscientists of mind-brain relationships show strong correlations between a person's consciously felt and reported intent--effectively controlled by laboratory procedures specified in psychologically described ways, and communicated to the subjects in psychologically meaningful terms--and subsequent neurobiological processes in their brain.
(4) An adequate understanding of the phenomena of schizophrenia, for example, is lacking, and will require an integration of three levels: the neurobiological derangement, the aberrant cognitive processes at the psychological level, and the personal idiosyncratic experience of these processes.
Erickson will devote his keynote address at this September's inaugural National Conference on Addiction Disorders (NCAD) to a discussion of neurobiological factors that can inform excellent treatment.
AD/HD is a neurobiological disorder that experts estimate affects three to five per cent of school age children.
The book has been very well received in the scientific and neurobiological circles and as an example here is a comment from the Nobel Prize winner David Hubel on the cover: "It had been widely thought that an adult, crass-eyed since infancy, could never acquire stereovision, but to everyone's surprise Barry succeeded.
This text guides nurses in managing special populations, clarifying neurobiological theories, and conducting psychiatric nursing evaluations.
BEING A BRAIN-WISE THERAPIST: A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO INTERPERSONAL NEUROBIOLOGY adds to Norton's Series on Interpersonal Neurobiology and provides college-level counseling students and practitioners with a powerful review of the basics on brain structure, function, and neurobiological theories.
The central mission of the CDB Branch is to examine in-depth the behavioral, neurobiological, and genetic aspects of typical development and factors that place such development at risk, and to determine the optimal prevention and intervention approaches and under what conditions and in what contexts interventions can be most effective for specific subsets of individuals.
The following 22 chapters succinctly cover a range of topics from basic neurobiological development, pharmacology, a discussion of the consequences of inadequately treated pain, foetal surgery and ethical issues.
It will be published six times in 2008 and will cover the developmental disorders known as Pervasive Developmental Disorders (autism spectrum disorders) with a focus on basic genetic, neurobiological and psychological mechanisms and their influence on ASDs.
The Gersh Academy, a leading educational resource for children with neurobiological disorders, is holding free Training Programs for parents of children with disorders such as Asperger syndrome, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Tourette syndrome, Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Depressive Disorder, Autism Spectrum Disorders and Nonverbal Learning Disorders.