Neurobiology

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Neurobiology

Study of the development and function of the nervous system, with emphasis on how nerve cells generate and control behavior. The major goal of neurobiology is to explain at the molecular level how nerve cells differentiate and develop their specific connections and how nerve networks store and recall information. Ancillary studies on disease processes and drug effects in the nervous system also provide useful approaches for understanding the normal state by comparison with perturbed or abnormal systems. The functions of the nervous system may be studied at several levels: molecular, subcellular (organelle), cellular, simple multicellular interacting systems, complex systems, and higher functions (whole animal behavior). See Biopotentials and ionic currents, Memory, Motor systems, Nervous system (invertebrate), Nervous system (vertebrate), Nervous system disorders, Neuron, Sense organ, Synaptic transmission

References in periodicals archive ?
Understanding how animals sense magnetic fields is one of great remaining mysteries of sensory biology, notes Kenneth Lohmann, a neurobiologist at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Mombaerts, an immunologist and neurobiologist, has contributed to the basic mechanistic understanding of olfaction by using gene-targeting technology.
The application for the award was drafted by Vice Chancellor Sir Brian Follett, Prof Dalton and neurobiologist Professor Nick Dale.
In the Doogie experiment, researchers led by Joseph Tsien, a Princeton University neurobiologist (scientist who studies brain function), altered a specific gene that affects how the brain forms lasting memories (see diagram below).
Niels Birbaumer, a neurobiologist at Germany's University of Tubingen reported in the journal, Nature, remarkable results from the research he is doing with patients suffering from Lou Gehrig's Disease (amyotropic lateral sclerosis) .
Neurobiologist Rougier has also created a wonder sex drug called Tigra.
This result raises the possibility that the bright artificial lighting typical of hospital nurseries sometimes wreaks havoc with the biological rhythms of human babies, according to neurobiologist Scott A.
one of the company's founding scientists, and an internationally recognized neurobiologist, "Michael Sofroniew will build upon, and expand the research currently underway at Somatix.
A research team led by neurobiologist Margaret Livingstone trained three rhesus macaques to identify symbols representing the numbers zero to 25.
Dr Kumi O Kuroda, a neurobiologist at the Riken Brain Science Institute in Japan, led a team that used electrocardiogram measurements to monitor the heart rates of babies and mice after they were picked up and carried.
I argue it's what makes spoken language unique," says Jarvis, a neurobiologist at Duke University Medical Center.
The results suggest that similar behavior and neural connectivity for a convergent complex trait like speech and song are associated with many similar genetic changes," said Duke neurobiologist Erich Jarvis, a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator.

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