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A skin disorder characterized by localized, often symmetrical, patches of pruritic dermatitis with lichenification, occurring in persons of nervous temperament.



a neuroallergic disease of the skin; the earliest, primary symptom is itching; later, clinically observable eruptions appear on the surface of the skin. The disease exists in two forms: localized neurodermatitis and disseminated neurodermatitis (also called atopic eczema).

Localized neurodermatitis is usually manifested on the face, the posterolateral surfaces of the neck, the elbow flexures, the popliteal fossae (the depressions on the posterior surfaces of the knees), the inner surfaces of the thighs, and the genitals and in the anal region. The mild, inflammatory foci are oval shaped and have indistinct boundaries. The skin within a focus is thickened, the normal folds and creases are exaggerated, branny scales and nodular rashes develop, and scratch marks and blood crusts appear. In patients with disseminated neurodermatitis, the process is more widely distributed, and the reddish cyanotic thickened foci are surrounded by nodules. Wet scales and crusts are symptoms of the exudative form of neurodermatitis. Areas of brown pigmentation persist for a long time at sites of previous rashes.

The medicinal treatment of neurodermatitis employs antipruritics, the B vitamins, and ointments containing steroid hormones. These medications are used in combination with a controlled diet and treatment at health resorts, which prevent aggravation of the condition.


Skripkin, Iu. K. Neirodermit. Moscow, 1967.
Pavlov, S. T. Kozhnye i venericheskie bolezni. 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1969.
Shakhtmeister, I. Ia. Patogenez i lechenie ekzemy i neirodermita. Moscow, 1970.


References in periodicals archive ?
Conclusion: Children with neurodermatitis frequently firstly admitted to pediatric clinics and its clinic presentation can be easily confused with eczema.
An empirical study of sex behavior or patients with psoriasis vulgaris and neurodermatitis in comparison with skin-healthy probands.
Neurodermatitis of the neck (lichen simplex nuchae) is characterised by an isolated, lichenified, pruritic plaque covered with thin scales.
Sobre los antecedentes reportados por esta poblacion, la frecuencia de los 17 problemas fue la siguiente: cinco sujetos reportaron hipertension, uno diabetes, cuatro ulcera gastrica, catorce gastritis, doce colitis, siete neurodermatitis, veinticuatro dolor de espalda, once migrana, diesieis contracturas musculares, dos impotencia, tres frigidez, tres asma, quince ansiedad sin causa aparente y ocho miedo sin causa aparente.
Otras dermatitis: contacto, seborreica, neurodermatitis, por insuficiencia venosa; psoriasis; ulceras de piel, secuelas de cirugia: La aplicacion topica de agua clorurada tiene efecto antiinflamatorio y antiseptico; y la sulfurada, accion cicatrizante.
THIS natural range was the brainchild of Thomas Haase, who as a child suffered from neurodermatitis.
My experience in treating dermatologic problems is related to eczema, psoriasis, and neurodermatitis.
The child had neurodermatitis and scarring due to continual picking at his upper lip.
For example, neurodermatitis looks the same, but is distinguished from atopic dermatitis by the fact that there is no allergic history in child or in his/her family.
Sistema Tegumentario: eccemas (dermatitis atopica o alergica), neurodermatitis, psoriasis, alopecia areata y varias formas de calvicie; acelera la alopecia androgenetica.
A controlled study of psychosocial factors in neurodermatitis.