Neurodermatitis


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neurodermatitis

[¦nu̇r·ō‚dər·mə′tīd·əs]
(medicine)
A skin disorder characterized by localized, often symmetrical, patches of pruritic dermatitis with lichenification, occurring in persons of nervous temperament.

Neurodermatitis

 

a neuroallergic disease of the skin; the earliest, primary symptom is itching; later, clinically observable eruptions appear on the surface of the skin. The disease exists in two forms: localized neurodermatitis and disseminated neurodermatitis (also called atopic eczema).

Localized neurodermatitis is usually manifested on the face, the posterolateral surfaces of the neck, the elbow flexures, the popliteal fossae (the depressions on the posterior surfaces of the knees), the inner surfaces of the thighs, and the genitals and in the anal region. The mild, inflammatory foci are oval shaped and have indistinct boundaries. The skin within a focus is thickened, the normal folds and creases are exaggerated, branny scales and nodular rashes develop, and scratch marks and blood crusts appear. In patients with disseminated neurodermatitis, the process is more widely distributed, and the reddish cyanotic thickened foci are surrounded by nodules. Wet scales and crusts are symptoms of the exudative form of neurodermatitis. Areas of brown pigmentation persist for a long time at sites of previous rashes.

The medicinal treatment of neurodermatitis employs antipruritics, the B vitamins, and ointments containing steroid hormones. These medications are used in combination with a controlled diet and treatment at health resorts, which prevent aggravation of the condition.

REFERENCES

Skripkin, Iu. K. Neirodermit. Moscow, 1967.
Pavlov, S. T. Kozhnye i venericheskie bolezni. 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1969.
Shakhtmeister, I. Ia. Patogenez i lechenie ekzemy i neirodermita. Moscow, 1970.

I. IA. SHAKHTMEISTER

References in periodicals archive ?
The behavioral treatment of neurodermatitis through habit-reversal.Behauioral.
Conclusion: Children with neurodermatitis frequently firstly admitted to pediatric clinics and its clinic presentation can be easily confused with eczema.
Sexual dysfunctions in patients with neurodermatitis and psoriasis.
FHS, also variably referred to as rolling skin syndrome and atypical neurodermatitis, is characterized by dramatic twitching or rippling of the skin, most commonly on the back between the middle of the spine and the base of the tail or in the flank region, with intermittent jerking of the body and exaggerated tail movements.
The most frequent types of eczematous dermatitis were contact dermatitis (72%), seborrheic dermatitis (10%), nummular dermatitis (%7.8), atopic dermatitis (5%) neurodermatitis (3.6%) and intertrigo (1.6%), respectively.
Failure and retreatment levels have been found to be low, with less than 2% of patients experiencing acute exacerbation of neurodermatitis, which in turn can cause progression of keratoconus and may require repeat treatment.
Once the skin has been thickened by chronic scratching (neurodermatitis), it is very difficult to break out of the itch-scratch-itch cycle.
* Dermatologic Disorders (Eczema, Herpes, Neurodermatitis, Pruritus [itching], Psoriasis, Warts);
This is also known as neurodermatitis, caused by something irritating the skin that leads you to scratch which makes the irritation worse, and so on.
(19.) Mercan S, Altunay IK, Demir B, Akpinar A, Kayaoglu S: Sexual dysfunctions in patients with neurodermatitis and psoriasis.
Diagnosis of other skin diseases amongst subjects in Group 3 included: 13 contact/allergic dermatitis (34%); 7 tinea infection (18%); 4 seborrheic dermatitis (11%); 3 psoriasis (8%); 2 prurigo nodularis (5%) cases; 2 acune (5%) cases; and 7 otherconditions/diseases (18%) were coagulopathy suspected (pytiriasis rosea, striae distensae, carbunculosis, neurodermatitis, verruca plana, and lichen planus).