neurohypophysis


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neurohypophysis

[¦nu̇r·ō·hī′päf·ə·səs]
(neuroscience)
The neural portion or posterior lobe of the hypophysis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pituitary gland height neurohypophysis brightness or ectopia, an undescended posterior lobe, infundibulum morphology, absence of corpus callosum and of septum pellucidum, optic nerve and chiasma, holoprosencephaly, schizencephaly, cerebellar hypoplasia, absence of fornix and presence of Chiari malformation should be assessed with imaging (66).
The corpusculum neurosecretorium, in Bactrian camel which was different from most mammals, were rare in the external neurohypophysis, and mainly distributed in the internal neurohypophysis.
Furthermore, thickening of the pituitary stalk with loss of neurohypophysis bright spot and partially empty sella was noted on the initial MRI; however, no clinical manifestations of DI or hormonal disturbances were apparent as reported in literature.
MRI of the brain including dynamic sellar protocol revealed congenital absence of the pituitary gland, with neurohypophysis and adenohypophysis.
Mukhopadhyay, "Solitary median maxillary central incisor, a clinical predictor of hypoplastic anterior pituitary, ectopic neurohypophysis and growth hormone deficiency," Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol.
The pituitary gland comprises two sections--the adenohypophysis, or anterior lobe, and the neurohypophysis, or posterior lobe.
Robertson, "Disorders of the neurohypophysis," in Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, D.
Neurohypophysial GCT, originating in the neurohypophysis, is a rare, low-grade glial neoplasm and the diagnosis for this disease is still challenging.
It is produced by two kinds of oxytocinergic neurons: The magnocellular neurons sending their projections to the neurohypophysis releasing OT into blood circulation, and the parvocellular neurons sending their projections mainly to the campus, ventral tegmental area, frontal cortex, brainstem, pons, medulla, and spinal cord [16].
Alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone stimulates oxytocin release from the dendrites of hypothalamic neurons while inhibiting oxytocin release from their terminals in the neurohypophysis. J Neurosci 2003;23:10351-8.
The hormone arginine vasopressin (AVP), which is produced in the neurohypophysis, plays an important role in a wide range of physiological functions, including water reabsorption, cardiovascular homeostasis, and endocrine functions [101].
The GH cells are restricted to the posterior part of the PPD and are in close contact with neurohypophysis. They are frequently arranged in cords bordering the neurohypophysis (Figure 3a-3h).