neuromorphic chip


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neuromorphic chip

A processor chip designed like the human brain rather than the traditional, sequential von Neumann architecture. Such chips are expected to greatly accelerate artificial intelligence (AI) applications in the future. In 2016, Qualcomm introduced its Zeroth Machine Intelligence Platform and Snapdragon Neural Processing Engine that enable mobile devices to run their own neural network models rather than going to the cloud. See neural network, deep learning and von Neumann architecture.
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[ClickPress, Tue Jul 02 2019] The global neuromorphic chip market is expected to witness a significant surge by the end of 2026.
Neuromorphic chips facilitate users with several benefits such as high-performance speed, cognitive computing, optimum usage of memory, and low power consumption.
A current goal of AI research is to take what it learns about the brain and place it on neuromorphic chips (i.e., microprocessors that mimic the architecture of the brain).
Qualcomm demonstrated a small robot powered by a neuromorphic chip and specialized software that simulate the activity in the brain.
At the same time, Google has built its own "Tensor Processing Unit" (TPU) that it strictly uses in its own data centers, and IBM has a neuromorphic chip dubbed "True North." In other words, if you think we've reached peak AI, you haven't seen anything yet.
That's on top of promising efforts at universities and at corporate labs such as IBM Research and HRL Laboratories, which have each developed neuromorphic chips under a $100 million project for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
Mead finally built his first neuromorphic chips, as he christened his brain-inspired devices, in the mid-1980s, after collaborating with neuroscientists to study how neurons process data.
Many integrated core architectures, low power processors, new applications of Field Programmable Gate Arrays, quantum and quantum-like processors, application-specific HPCs, and neuromorphic chips offer dramatic potential while challenging our creativity to integrate the disparate technologies and develop software tools.
As an example of the new technology on the horizon, Hyslop points to the neuromorphic chips that are being developed by HRL Laboratories, the Malibu, California-based research center created by Howard Hughes in 1948.
But Suri realized that this irregularity could help researchers build so-called neuromorphic chips, which emulate the neurons and synapses in our brains.
Hof, "10 Technology Breakthroughs: 2014: Neuromorphic Chips," MIT Technology Review, April 23, 2014, www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/526506/neuromorphic-chips/.
[UKPRwire, Fri Oct 12 2018] Photonic Neuromorphic Chips are the devices designed to mimic the human brain for processing and storage of information.