blockade

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blockade,

use of naval forces to cut off maritime communication and supply. Blockades may be used to prevent shipping from reaching enemy ports, or they may serve purposes of coercion. The term is rarely applied to land sieges. During the Napoleonic wars, both France and Great Britain attempted to control neutral commerce through blockades and embargoes which neither could enforce with sufficient rigor. The Declaration of Paris (see Paris, Declaration ofParis, Declaration of,
1856, agreement concerning the rules of maritime warfare, issued at the Congress of Paris. It was the first major attempt to codify the international law of the sea.
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) proclaimed (1856) that blockades were henceforth to be announced to all affected parties and would be legal only if effectively enforced against all neutrals. In both World Wars blockades were made more effective by the employment, in addition to naval vessels, of mines and aircraft. North Vietnamese ports were mined and blockaded by the United States during later stages of the Vietnam War. Blockades have also occasionally been employed in times of peace as threats to implement diplomacy, as in the blockade of Cuba by the United States in 1962.

blockade

Med the inhibition of the effect of a hormone or a drug, a transport system, or the action of a nerve by a drug
References in periodicals archive ?
This technique helps demonstrate residual neuromuscular blockade, particularly when the TOF ratio is between 0.
Profound neuromuscular blockade reversal with sugammadex 4 mg/kg was about 17 times faster than with neostigmine 70 mcg/kg (geometric mean times were 2.
10, 2008) recommend that a neuromuscular function monitor be available for every patient in whom neuromuscular blockade is used.
If the patient is sedated with a BIS of 40-60 without also receiving a neuromuscular blockade, some muscle movement or EMG may be expected.
Neostigmine was most commonly associated (>4%) with prolonged neuromuscular blockade, dry mouth, nausea, procedural complication and albumin present in urine.
Changes in the depth of neuromuscular blockade (NMB) are inversely proportional to changes in the compound action potential with EMG area reflecting neuromuscular transmission (10).
Efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of sugammadex for the reversal of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade in elderly patients.
In the news release, Sugammadex Trials Demonstrate Rapid Recovery from Profound Neuromuscular Blockade During General Anesthesia, issued earlier today by Organon over PR Newswire, we are advised by the company that the word "blockade" should be added to the third paragraph after "rocuronium-induced neuromuscular.
The incidence of residual neuromuscular blockade in the recovery room is still alarmingly high.
16 /PRNewswire/ -- Sugammadex -- the novel selective relaxant binding agent (SRBA) being developed by Organon -- demonstrated a faster recovery from profound neuromuscular blockade as compared to neostigmine in the Phase III pivotal Signal trial.
Once administered, sugammadex was effective in producing rapid reversal of dense neuromuscular blockade, although this was not tested with a nerve stimulator during our crisis.
Sugammadex and neostigmine, dose-finding study for reversal of shallow residual neuromuscular blockade.