blockade

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blockade,

use of naval forces to cut off maritime communication and supply. Blockades may be used to prevent shipping from reaching enemy ports, or they may serve purposes of coercion. The term is rarely applied to land sieges. During the Napoleonic wars, both France and Great Britain attempted to control neutral commerce through blockades and embargoes which neither could enforce with sufficient rigor. The Declaration of Paris (see Paris, Declaration ofParis, Declaration of,
1856, agreement concerning the rules of maritime warfare, issued at the Congress of Paris. It was the first major attempt to codify the international law of the sea.
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) proclaimed (1856) that blockades were henceforth to be announced to all affected parties and would be legal only if effectively enforced against all neutrals. In both World Wars blockades were made more effective by the employment, in addition to naval vessels, of mines and aircraft. North Vietnamese ports were mined and blockaded by the United States during later stages of the Vietnam War. Blockades have also occasionally been employed in times of peace as threats to implement diplomacy, as in the blockade of Cuba by the United States in 1962.

blockade

Med the inhibition of the effect of a hormone or a drug, a transport system, or the action of a nerve by a drug
References in periodicals archive ?
Task Force of the American College of Critical Care Medicine (ACCM) of the Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM), American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, American College of Chest Physicians: Clinical practice guidelines for sustained neuromuscular blockade in the adult critically ill patient.
The use of sugammadex for bariatric surgery: Analysis of recovery time from neuromuscular blockade and possible economic impact.
Neuromuscular blockade was reversed with injection neostigmine (0.05 mg/kg) and injection glycopyrrolate (0.01 mg/kg) intravenously.
Its first product is the TwitchView Quantitative Monitor for neuromuscular blockade. The company is headquartered in Seattle, Washington and their products are made in the USA.
schneideri poison also caused facilitation of twitch tension followed by neuromuscular blockade in chick biventer cervicis avian preparation.
Prolonged suxamethonium-induced neuromuscular blockade associated with organophosphate poisoning.
Given the findings of the previously described trials, the surviving sepsis campaign guidelines recommend a short course of neuromuscular blockade for not longer than 48 hours in patients with early sepsis-induced ARDS and Pa[O.sub.2]/Fi[O.sub.2] <150 mm Hg.
Phenytoin has previously been shown to cause delayed recovery of neuromuscular blockade following general anesthesia in humans and rats (6,7,8).
Objective: To compare the mean duration of atracurium induced neuromuscular blockade in minutes when dosed according to real body weight (RBW) or ideal body weight (IBW) to obese patients undergoing abdominal surgeries under general anesthesia.
[24] found that magnesium infusion did not reduce the need for mechanical ventilation, but reduced the requirement for other drugs, such as sedation and neuromuscular blockade to control muscle spasms and verapamil to control cardiovascular instability.