neuromuscular junction


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neuromuscular junction

[¦nu̇r·ō′məs·kyə·lər ′jəŋk·shən]
(anatomy)
References in periodicals archive ?
On the mechanism by which phenytoin blocks post-tetanic potentiation at the frog neuromuscular junction.
To recreate more realistic in vitro neuromuscular junctions, Uzel and his colleagues fabricated a microfluidic device with two important features: a three-dimensional environment, and compartments that separate muscles from nerves to mimic their natural separation in the human body.
If botulinum neurotoxin is produced in the infant gut it is transported to the neuromuscular junction, leading to flaccid muscle paralysis that in infants is known as floppy baby syndrome.
Individuals with this phenotype respond normally to succinylcholine administration with neuromuscular junction recovery achieved in approximately 10 min after exposure.
However, there is no confirmatory test to prove neuromuscular junction blockage and the clinical picture was not typical of NMB.
Sanes and his Harvard University colleagues compared a synapse known as the skeletal neuromuscular junction in young adult and aged mice.
With sufficient input to the motoneuron cell body, an electrical signal will be sent from the spinal cord to the neuromuscular junction (the synapse between the alphamotoneuron and the muscle), creating a contraction in the stretched muscle (Fig.
Francis to continue research into the neuromuscular junction, the connection between muscles and nerves.
Nerve-evoked contractions of the muscle are enhanced by micromolar concentrations of GABA, and the potentiation results, at least in part, from actions at the neuromuscular junction.
Nondepolarizing agents cause muscle paralysis by affecting the postsynaptic cholinergic receptors at the neuromuscular junction.

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