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Related to neuropteran: order Neuroptera


(invertebrate zoology)
An order of delicate insects having endopterygote development, chewing mouthparts, and soft bodies.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Planipennia), an order of predatory insects having complete metamorphosis. The body length is 2–20 mm, and the wingspread reaches 120 mm. The mouthparts are formed for chewing. There are two pairs of almost identical transparent and reticulate wings. In larvae the mouthparts are formed for piercing and sucking: the sickle-shaped mandibles have a furrow, and the maxillae serve to pierce the prey and suck its blood. Digestion is external.

There are about 4,500 species, distributed principally in the tropics. Insemination with spermatophores is characteristic. Neuropterans develop in soil (families Dilaridae and Itonidae); on plants (Hemorobiidae and Chrysopidae); in colonies of ticks, coccids, and whiteflies (Coniopterygidae); in water near the shore (Osmylidae); or in the cavities of freshwater sponges (Sisyridae). The larvae of neuropterans with prehensile legs (Mantispidae) develop in the egg cocoons of spiders. Tropical species of the family Nemopteridae have greatly elongated hind wings; the larvae have a very long mesothorax. Large species of the family Ascalaphidae are found principally in the tropics (in the USSR, only in the south). They catch their prey in flight, and the larvae live on the soil surface. The larvae of Myrme-leontidae dig funnels in the sand, where they lie in wait for prey. Neuropterans are known from the Permian. Many species are beneficial, because they destroy orchard and forest pests.


Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 3. Moscow, 1969.
Traité de zoologie, vol. 10, fasc. 1. Edited by P.-P. Grasse. Paris, 1951.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Neuropterans are commonly attacked by a very diverse guild of parasitoids in the field (Feener & Brown 1997; Matsura et al.
Predators as the coleopterans (Coccinellidae), neuropterans (Chrysopidae) and the larvae of the dipterans (Syrphidae), are found near the colonies of aphids, which occur in abundance in the winter, when the number of predators decreases and the control of large pest populations decreases as well.
The term 'pectinate fusion' refers to a case involving the successive pectinate emergence of branches of a vein fused with another, the former lacking a distinct main stem (documented in neuropterans, see Shi et al.
Semi-aquatic insects and other groups living around vegetation and water bodies include grasshoppers, crickets, dragonflies, or neuropterans, caddis fly larvae and some larvae of the beetle Coptoclavidae (for details see Ponomarenko & Martinez-Delclos 2000, Soriano et al.