neurotoxin

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neurotoxin

[¦nu̇r·ō′täk·sən]
(biochemistry)
A poisonous substance in snake venom that acts as a nervous system depressant by blocking neuromuscular transmission by binding acetylcholine receptors on motor end plates, or on the innervated face of an electroplax.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cobras, Wide Potently neurotoxic rinkhals, distribution and cytotoxic; mambas, throughout common cause of coral, Africa fatal snake bite shield, nose, garter and sea snake Neurotoxic cobras (genus Naja) Naja anchietae Anchieta's Arid savanna: Potently neurotoxic; Egyptian Namibia, see below as for N.
Paraquat is an herbicide that has neurotoxic effects that resemble Parkinson's disease.
In addition to mercury, reducing power plant air pollution will also help prevent overexposure to many other carcinogenic, mutagenic and neurotoxic pollutants.
In addition, they activate glial cells to produce free radicals (superoxide and NO) and neurotoxic cytokines such as TNF-alpha.
Given the neurotoxic effects of alcohol--and the seemingly inexorable rise in heavy drinking--the authors conclude that there is likely to be a surge in cases of alcohol-related dementia in future generations.
This study indicates that midazolam and neostigmine have different neurotoxic effects that depend on the dose and the repetition of dosing when these drugs are administered intrathecally.
The recent spate of research has clarified these neurotoxic effects.
But the effect was seen only in patients taking neurotoxic antiretroviral therapy with agents such as didanosine (ddI), stavudine (d4T), and zalcitabine (ddC).
Emphasize the most important issues: The protection of unborn babies and small children from exposure to the neurotoxic mercury.
An unexpected increase in neurotoxicity has been a particular concern, so a less neurotoxic platinum agent, carboplatin, is being investigated as an alternative to cisplatin by the AGO (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Gynakologische Onkologie) study group.
The Monsanto Corporation, makers of Roundup, claims there is no evidence that glyphosate "causes carcinogenity, birth defects, neurotoxic effects or mutagenic effects.
a Shionogi Company, today announced the availability of Ulesfia (Benzyl Alcohol Lotion 5%), the first and only prescription medication that kills head lice by asphyxiation without potential neurotoxic side effects.