neurotoxin


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

neurotoxin

[¦nu̇r·ō′täk·sən]
(biochemistry)
A poisonous substance in snake venom that acts as a nervous system depressant by blocking neuromuscular transmission by binding acetylcholine receptors on motor end plates, or on the innervated face of an electroplax.
References in periodicals archive ?
EpiVax will present the results of the research program so far conducted at the upcoming IBRCC 2015 conference on botulinum neurotoxins, in Frederick Maryland.
Learn the key success factors in marketing new botulinum neurotoxin products;
Neurotoxins are either endotoxins or exotoxins attracted to the host nervous system.
It is believed that some sort of disturbance of the infant gut flora occurs at the same time as exposure to spores, providing a window of opportunity for spores in the gut to grow and produce neurotoxin.
The neurotoxin is released as a single polypeptide chain of 150 kDa, which is later nicked to generate two disulphide linked fragments, the heavy chain (H, 100 kDa) and light chain (L, 50 kDa) (Fig.
A forthcoming legally binding international treaty--slated to be enacted by 2013--will reduce the intentional use of mercury in industrial processes and products and will limit emissions of the neurotoxin from coal-fired power plants and smelters, while also mandating cleanups of mercury waste sites.
Fluoride, considered a hazard to humans in industry and a neurotoxin by scientists, is now being pushed by dentists as a miracle for teeth.
Any milk or dairy products found to contain higher than normal levels of the carcinogenic neurotoxin are seized and destroyed, the ministry said.
Hence, a conclusion could be drawn on the basis of experimental results that the inhibition of AChE activity was dependent on the endogenous neurotoxin concentrations but independent of time.
These genes tell your body to make antibodies to fight neurotoxins.
Mercury can cause nausea, vomiting, skin rashes and eye irritation when its container is broken and the neurotoxin is released.
Florida red tide is caused by Karenia brevis, a dinoflagellate that periodically blooms, releasing its potent neurotoxin, brevetoxin, into the surrounding waters and air along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico.