neutral conductor

neutral conductor

[′nü·trəl kən′dək·tər]
(electricity)
A conductor of a polyphase circuit or of a single-phase, three-wire circuit which is intended to have a potential such that the potential differences between it and each of the other conductors are approximately equal in magnitude and are also equally spaced in phase.

neutral conductor

1. In an electric circuit consisting of three or more conductors, the electric conductor that usually is so energized that the voltages between it and the other conductors are equal in magnitude.
2. In a three-phase three-wire electrical circuit: a conductor whose potential differences between it and each of the other conductors are equal in magnitude and equally spaced in phase.
References in periodicals archive ?
The triplex underground aluminum URD cable has three conductors distributing two-phase power and while the third is a neutral conductor which discharges electrons to the ground to prevent electrocutions and short-circuits.
This reinforced insulation is tested with a voltage of 4000 VDC between the energized conductor (L) and the neutral conductor (N) relative to the mounting panel.
In the past, many electricians did not include a neutral conductor at switch locations, and the result was the equipment grounding conductor being used as the neutral conductor.
Load imbalance might lead to undesirable situations, which include: i) the increase of current in the most loaded phase, ii) the presence of current in the neutral conductor, iii) over-voltage problems in the least loaded phase, and iv) feeder tripping due to over neutral current.
A spokesperson said: "The power cut was due to the theft of a copper neutral conductor from a local substation and affected 222 properties in the area.
The FMBD NEO with a neutral conductor is intended for use in four-wire systems or three phases, neutral conductor, and ground.
y otros cuatro autores; Analysis of the neutral conductor current in a three phase supplied network with non-linear single phase loads, Actas del Electric Machines and Drives Conference, IEMDC IEEE International, Cambridge, USA 17 al 20 de junio (2001).
Due to harmonics generated by the non linear loads, there is a significant amount of harmonics in the neutral conductor as seen in fig.
In these facilities, system grounding--the intentional connection of a phase or neutral conductor to earth--allows the flow of electrical current to be controlled and monitored.
When everything is working properly, current to the appliance, or load, through the line ("hot") conductor equals current returning through the neutral conductor.