neutrino telescope


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neutrino telescope

[nü′trē·nō ′tel·ə‚skōp]
(astronomy)
Any device for detecting and determining the directions of extraterrestrial neutrinos, such as the deep underwater muon and neutrino detector.
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By examining neutrinos we can draw conclusions and study very distant areas in the universe", he said, adding that distant stars, pulsars or supernovae could be better studied with a neutrino telescope.
Since 1991 a half-size prototype of this neutrino telescope has been operating in the Mediterranean.
Now earth scientists are taking a neutrino telescope and looking down, to illuminate the Earth's interior by detecting "geoneutrinos"--neutrinos produced within the planet itself.
Recently, a decade-long effort to build a Cerenkov-light--detecting neutrino telescope has finally begun to pay off.
The news is that, after 30 to 40 years of people dreaming about a large neutrino telescope, it finally exists, and it works, and it can be expanded to a kilometer cube," says Francis Halzen of the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Nine presentations from the July 2011 school introduce the role of neutrinos in understanding cosmology and stars, the origin and nature of cosmic radiation, the design of low-energy neutrino detectors, and the physics and operation of neutrino telescopes.
With neutrinos we are supposing that other developing societies would also be building neutrino telescopes as are we--for example the Ice Cube detector at the South Pole, the ANTARES, NEMO and NESTOR [neutrino] detectors in the Mediterranean, and the Lake Baikal instrument in Siberia," says Learned.
It covers the main directions of their unification, basic theoretical ideas and experiments, the general scheme of building up the theory of interacting fields, and principles of operation and designs of accelerators, neutrino telescopes, and elementary particle detectors.
More are sure to be found, and new generations of gravity-wave and neutrino telescopes will actually detect black holes as they are born in distant supernova explosions.
The explosion had been heralded by a spray of neutrinos, some of which were caught in recently devised neutrino telescopes.
The aim of this research project is to work out constraints of the non-gravitational properties of dark matter using cosmic ray data from satellite based experiments like AMS02 and the Fermi LAT, and from Cherenkov, radio and neutrino telescopes.
The topics are: detectors for hadrontherapy, detection setups in applications of accelerator-based techniques used for cultural heritage sites and objects, the CMS detector, the Virgo interferometer, and underwater/ice high-energy neutrino telescopes.