new objectivity


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new objectivity

(Ger. Neue Sachlichkeit), German art movement of the 1920s. The chief painters of the movement were George GroszGrosz, George
, 1893–1959, German-American caricaturist, draughtsman, and painter, b. Berlin. Before and during World War I he contributed drawings on proletarian themes to Illustration and other German periodicals. He was associated with the Dada group at that time.
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 and Otto DixDix, Otto,
1891–1969, German painter and draftsman. Dix fought in World War I and returned to Düsseldorf haunted by the horrors he had witnessed. In 1924 he published War, a series of 50 etchings, horrifying visions of war's victims executed with great clarity.
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, who were sometimes called verists. They created styles of bitter realism and protest that mirrored the disillusionment and political upheaval that followed World War I. New objectivity retained the intense emotionality of earlier movements in German art (see BrückeBrücke, Die
[Ger.,=the bridge], German expressionist art movement, lasting from 1905 to 1913. Influenced by the art of Jugendstil (the German equivalent of art nouveau), Van Gogh, and the primitive sculpture of Africa and the South Seas, the Brücke
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 and Blaue ReiterBlaue Reiter, der
[Ger.,=the blue rider], German expressionist art movement, lasting from 1911 to 1914. It took its name from a painting by Kandinsky, Le cavalier bleu.
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), but it abandoned the symbolism of expressionismexpressionism,
term used to describe works of art and literature in which the representation of reality is distorted to communicate an inner vision. The expressionist transforms nature rather than imitates it.
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 for direct social commentary. Max BeckmannBeckmann, Max
, 1884–1950, German painter. A member of the Berlin secession from 1908 to 1911, he was impressionistic in his early style. A subsequent expressionistic phase was altered c.1917 by the savage new objectivity of George Grosz.
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 produced works in a related, though more philosophical, vein.

Bibliography

See S. Barron and S. Eckmann, New Objectivity (museum catalog, 2015).

References in periodicals archive ?
This new Objectivity software release is certified for Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 and the AMD Opteron platform in addition to the wide range of platforms currently supported.
He also considers the rise of a new culture, that of nazism, and how it rather quickly and completely destroyed the new objectivity.
The new objectivity isn't trying to be fair to all parties concerned.
And if formally these pictures evoke the New Objectivity, outlining the real in rigid structures, they no longer celebrate the triumph of an architecture made of steel and the faith in modernity: On the contrary, they record, as if before its complete disappearance, a familiar and outmoded world--that of small shops (portraitist, lingerie, radio-TV-appliances)-and the signs, at once so important and so tenuous, of social success and people's vain efforts to arrange their environment.
Margit Rowell, the curator of "Objects of Desire," which includes about 130 examples, ranging from the late nineteenth century to the present, divided the work on view into serviceable if not always illuminating categories: "The World as Perceptual Field," "Anatomies of Structure," "Real Fictions," "Metaphysical Painting," "Forms of New Objectivity," and so on.
Objectivity/PQE -- The new Objectivity Parallel Query Engine allows developers to control the amount of local and remote parallelism and optimize the range of a search using user modifiable components.
The Modern movement crystallized around the concept of the New Objectivity.
the leader in real-time data management solutions for complex inter-related data, today announces the opening of its new Objectivity sales office along with the promotion of Russell Prince-Wright to the position of European Regional Manager to head that operation.
the leading provider of distributed, scalable object databases, today announced the opening of its new Objectivity International Ltd.
Experts say the seemingly scientific style of the work was influenced by Germany's pre-war New Objectivity movement, which espoused a return to "straight" aesthetics focused on unsentimental reality and rejected the artistic excesses of expressionism.
The 100 miniature chairs present a summary of the history of industrial furniture design -- from historicism and art nouveau to the new objectivity of Bauhaus and radical design, and from postmodernism to the present day.
The first situates Dix as an Expressionist, the second as a practitioner of the New Objectivity (Neue Sachlichkeit).