care

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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
She expressed the confidence that the scaling up of innovative programmes like Mama Care, maternal programmes, WBFA'S Emergency obstetric and newborn care and support of local and international partners, the lives of mothers and children would be saved.
Request for proposal for provision of sick newborn care units (sncus) at 21 chcs and ahs in andhra pradesh under ppp mode
Since 2010 the Let Mommy Sleep team of Registered Nurses and Newborn Care Providers have given evidence-based education and badly needed rest to parents struggling in the early days of parenthood.
and Canada that touch various aspects of nursing and newborn care including hospital administrators, registered nurses, nurse practitioners, a neonatal occupational therapist and a neonatal patient advocate.
Adelaja, "A survey of home delivery and newborn care practices among women in a Suburban area ofWestern Nigeria," ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.
A lot of thrust has been imparted in recent years by the Government of India to improve facility-based newborn care interventions for reducing NMR in the country.
The practice of FCMNC encompasses birth practitioners, birth places, and maternity- newborn care, as determined by the needs and decisions of each woman and her family.
Our aim was to link existing community resources, locally active nongovernmental organizations, and the government health care system to provide maternal and newborn care education across all levels of health care and to develop a tracking system.
An inexpensive instructional program to teach routine newborn care skills to midwives in Zambia resulted in a substantial reduction in the death rate of infants in the first week of life, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
To help prevent such deaths, the World Health Organization created the Essential Newborn Care course, which improves birth attendants' ability to provide evidence-based newborn care.
The review offers evidence of the value, particularly for infants, of integrating maternal and newborn care in community settings through a range of strategies, many of which can be delivered by community health workers.
Director General Health Prof Rasheed Juma said the Integrated Management of Pregnancy and Childbirth (IMPAC) training guidelines would eventually replace the existing emergency obstetrics and newborn care and essential newborn care trainings.