care

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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
5 kilograms following introduction of the Essential Newborn Care program.
Despite the fact that nurses provide the majority of care to sick newborns in health facilities, there are very few nurses like Rekha Samant and Regina Obeng who dedicate themselves to newborn care, which is a major challenge for neonatal units worldwide.
Researchers compared statistics before and after the newborn care training and found the rate of stillbirths dropped from 23 per 1,000 infants to 15.
Maternal and Maternal and Contraceptive newborn care newborn care services for intended for pregnancies unintended pregnancies Current levels of 3.
It tested the efficacy of a three-day Essential Newborn Care training regimen that covers basic newborn care techniques, the importance of early breastfeeding, how to keep infants warm and dry, and signs of serious health problems.
Thus it is imperative that measures be adopted forthwith to improve the state of maternal and newborn care in Pakistan.
Increase provision of high impact, quality newborn care services
LOS ANGELES, April 6 /PRNewswire/ -- Newborn Care 101, LLC announces the release of the company's first DVD and guide, Newborn Care 101 - What Parents Need to Know, covering the most frequently asked questions by new parents to a pediatrician, from the end of pregnancy through the newborn period.
But newborn stillbirths in Pakistan and five other developing countries dropped by almost a third when rural health workers received newborn care training, including skills to resuscitate babies, according to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine with research contributed by Aga Khan Universitys Department of Community Health Sciences (CHS).
Now the Valencia resident is leading a nationwide campaign to increase hospital stays for new mothers and make doulas - a Greek word meaning "one who mothers the mother" - part of newborn care.
To accelerate implementation of Facility-Based Newborn Care, the project is helping establish Sick Newborn Care Units (SNUC) in rural areas.
The Saving Newborn Lives program will continue its efforts to mobilize governments, donors, local partners and communities to make reducing newborn deaths a top priority while informing the global and country community what it takes to deliver lifesaving newborn care at scale.