newt


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newt,

name for members of a large salamandersalamander,
an amphibian of the order Urodela, or Caudata. Salamanders have tails and small, weak limbs; superficially they resemble the unrelated lizards (which are reptiles), but they are easily distinguished by their lack of scales and claws, and by their moist, usually
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 family, widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere and including the common European salamanders. Newts are lizardlike in shape and are usually under 6 in. (15 cm) long including the slender tail. Some are brightly colored and secrete irritating substances. Like other salamanders, newts go through an aquatic, gilled larval stage. In some species the adults remain aquatic, although they lose their gills and breathe air; in others the adults are terrestrial, returning to water only to breed. Still other newts go through two adult stages: a terrestrial stage, during which they are called efts, is followed by a permanent aquatic stage. One such species is the common red-spotted newt (Diemictylus viridescens) of the E United States, known in its terrestrial stage as red eft. The 3-in. (7.5-cm) adult lays its eggs in spring on the stems and leaves of water plants. The greenish-brown larvae remain in the water for several months before emerging as efts, orange-red with a double row of black-ringed vermilion spots. The efts spend two or three years on land, hibernating in winter under leaves, and then return permanently to the water, becoming olive green and developing a broad swimming tail. Newts are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Amphibia, order Urodela, family Salamandridae.
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newt

[nüt]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of the small, semiaquatic salamanders of the genus Triturus in the family Salamandridae; all have an aquatic larval stage.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

newt

1. any of various small semiaquatic urodele amphibians, such as Triturus vulgaris (common newt) of Europe, having a long slender body and tail and short feeble legs
2. Chiefly Brit any other urodele amphibian, including the salamanders
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Colleagues at Katharine's central London office crowded round to see the two-inch newt and filmed it.
To date, the frequency and types of injuries observed in European newts have not been analyzed.
"Dear Friend," began a six-page letter, signed, Newt Gingrich.
About 200 of the newts are believed to be traded each year.
In Britain, the habitat of the Great Crested Newt has diminished due to land development pressure from population growth.
When the class bully, Mike, taunts Newt by calling him a gimp, a new girl confronts him.
The tips of the newt's ribs then stick outside its body, like exposed spines.
The newts are living close to a pond near the development and Natural England said they are in danger of being killed.
His team already knew that a compound in newts known as Prod 1 can provide a road map for cell regrowth.
Newt Gingrich doesn't always leave the other woman at home.
* The new Newt: hasn't abandoned a wife while she was recuperating from cancer surgery since the first one.