niche

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niche:

see ecologyecology,
study of the relationships of organisms to their physical environment and to one another. The study of an individual organism or a single species is termed autecology; the study of groups of organisms is called synecology.
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Niche

A recess in a wall; usually semicircular at the back, terminating in a half-dome, or with small pediments supported on consoles, often used as a place for a statue.

angle niche

A niche formed at a corner of a building; common in medieval architecture.

Niche

 

(1) In architecture, a recess in a wall for a statue, a vase, built-in shelves, and similar objects. Niches are sometimes used to impart a sculptural quality to a wall.

(2) In geomorphology, a niche, or crater, is a cavity in the lower part of a protruding abrasion shoreline. It occurs as a result of wave erosion. As the niche becomes deeper, the weight of the bench of bedrock hanging over it increases. The bench finally breaks off and a cliff, an overhanging scarp, forms.

(3) In military science, a niche is a recess in the wall of a trench or communications passage. It is used to store ammunition and water and serves as protection from bullets, shell fragments, and mortar fire. It is also a shelter during bad weather. In loose soils, the walls and ceiling of the niche are faced with boards or any available material.

niche

[nich]
(ecology)
The unique role or way of life of a plant or animal species.
(geology)
A shallow cave or reentrant produced by weathering and erosion near the base of a rock face or cliff or beneath a waterfall.

niche

A recess in a wall, usually to contain sculpture or an urn; often semicircular in plan, surmounted by a half dome.

niche

1. a recess in a wall, esp one that contains a statue
2. any similar recess, such as one in a rock face
3. Commerce relating to or aimed at a small specialized group or market
4. Ecology the role of a plant or animal within its community and habitat, which determines its activities, relationships with other organisms, etc.
References in classic literature ?
With these materials and with the aid of my trowel, I began vigorously to wall up the entrance of the niche.
But at the sight of the young man, who detached himself from the wall like a statue walking from its niche, and at the noise of the steps which she heard resound behind her, Mme.
Within the niche Lady Arabella cowered in a paroxysm of fear.
We saw a new statue put in its niche yesterday, alongside of one which had been standing these four hundred years, they said.
The man concealed in the niche had also taken a step forward.
They went into the dining-room, where the sunlight poured in upon her mother's chiffonier, and upstairs, where many an old god peeped from a new niche.
As the deep Cathedral-bell strikes the hour, a ripple of wind goes through these at their distance, like a ripple of the solemn sound that hums through tomb and tower, broken niche and defaced statue, in the pile close at hand.
I also became a poet and for one year lived in a paradise of my own creation; I imagined that I also might obtain a niche in the temple where the names of Homer and Shakespeare are consecrated.
With a quick movement, she jerked the photograph from its niche and threw it face down upon the chest of drawers.
Battius had not thought it necessary to push his success beyond the comfortable niche, which accident had so opportunely formed for his protection, and in which he now reposed from his labours, with a pleasing consciousness of security, added to great exultation at the possession of the botanical treasure already mentioned.
Sleary himself, a stout modern statue with a money-box at its elbow, in an ecclesiastical niche of early Gothic architecture, took the money.
There was an empty niche from which some old statue had fallen or been carried away hundreds of years ago, and she was thinking what strange people it must have looked down upon when it stood there, and how many hard struggles might have taken place, and how many murders might have been done, upon that silent spot, when there suddenly emerged from the black shade of the arch, a man.