Solanaceae

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Solanaceae

[‚sō·lə′nās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Polemoniales having internal phloem, mostly numerous ovules and seeds on axile placentae, and mostly cellular endosperm.

Solanaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants, including herbs and a few shrubs, lianas, and small trees (in the tropics). The leaves are alternate and exstipulate, and the bisexual flowers are solitary or in cymose inflorescences. The calyx generally is five-lobed or five-parted, and the corolla has five lobes. There usually are five stamens. The fruit is a berry or capsule; less commonly, it is drupaceous.

There are between 80 and 90 genera, with about 2,500 species, distributed in tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions. Most are encountered mainly in Central and South America. The USSR has ten wild genera, embracing approximately 45 species. The most important genera are Solarium, Lycopersicum, Nicotiana, Mandragora, and Lycium. The family Solanaceae includes such important cultivated plants as potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, tobacco, and wild tobacco. (All these plants are native to the Americas.) Many species, including belladonna, Scopelia, henbane, and jimsonweed, yield alkaloids and other substances that are widely used in medicine. Ornamentals include petunia, tobacco, salpiglossis, certain nightshades, and physalis.

REFERENCE

Flora SSSR, vol. 22. Moscow-Leningrad, 1955.
References in periodicals archive ?
6 TOBACCO is also a member of the nightshade family and aubergines contain a small amount of nicotine.
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The foliage of tomatoes and other members of the nightshade family are poisonous to humans, yet as a hungry caterpillar, the tomato hornworm consumes vast quantities of tomato foliage.
According to the scientists, the genome sequencing will also help them to understand why the tomatoes are different from their closely related plants including potato, pepper and coffee which belong to the Solanaceae or nightshade family of plants.
Antioxidants Goji The fruit is closely related Vitamins C, B ot the nightshade family and Calcium, Magnesium is native to southeastern Potassium, Iron Europe and Asia.
Like the potato, it is a native of South America and a member of the same nightshade family, which was why Europeans took a time to accept the fruit believing it to be poisonous.
In many people with arthritis, this is particularly true with foods in the nightshade family.
Eggplants belong to the nightshade family of vegetables, which also includes tomatoes, sweet peppers, and potatoes.
Anyone who is allergic to nightshade family plants might want to use blueberry leaf tea instead.
A perennial plant of the Nightshade family, potatoes are the cornerstone of what we call comfort food; it's the Gentiles' answer to chicken soup.