Solanaceae

(redirected from nightshade family)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to nightshade family: deadly nightshade

Solanaceae

[‚sō·lə′nās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Polemoniales having internal phloem, mostly numerous ovules and seeds on axile placentae, and mostly cellular endosperm.

Solanaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants, including herbs and a few shrubs, lianas, and small trees (in the tropics). The leaves are alternate and exstipulate, and the bisexual flowers are solitary or in cymose inflorescences. The calyx generally is five-lobed or five-parted, and the corolla has five lobes. There usually are five stamens. The fruit is a berry or capsule; less commonly, it is drupaceous.

There are between 80 and 90 genera, with about 2,500 species, distributed in tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions. Most are encountered mainly in Central and South America. The USSR has ten wild genera, embracing approximately 45 species. The most important genera are Solarium, Lycopersicum, Nicotiana, Mandragora, and Lycium. The family Solanaceae includes such important cultivated plants as potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, tobacco, and wild tobacco. (All these plants are native to the Americas.) Many species, including belladonna, Scopelia, henbane, and jimsonweed, yield alkaloids and other substances that are widely used in medicine. Ornamentals include petunia, tobacco, salpiglossis, certain nightshades, and physalis.

REFERENCE

Flora SSSR, vol. 22. Moscow-Leningrad, 1955.
References in periodicals archive ?
6 TOBACCO is also a member of the nightshade family and aubergines contain a small amount of nicotine.
Other words that describe the feeling in homeopathic nightshade family are killing, running, striking, rage, horror, sudden death.
At the end of two weeks, eat one food from the nightshade family by itself, like a tomato or bell pepper, and watch for any reactions.
He also gets no dairy or egg, and nothing from the nightshade family of plants, such as potato or tomato.
Everyone at that time knew tomatoes belong to the nightshade family, and the leaves and fruit of several plants in this family can cause death if ingested.
As a matter of fact, Brunfelsia and Brugmansia are a pair of charismatic, voluptuous, and highly toxic botanical relatives belonging to the deadly nightshade family (Solanaceae).
There are also differences between the various varieties of eggplant, which is a member of the nightshade family.
The mandrake (Mandragora officinarum), sometimes called the devil's apple, belongs to the nightshade family (Solanaceae) and is a relative of the tomato, potato and deadly nightshade.
Sufferers stop eating vegetables from the nightshade family - white potatoes, tomatoes, peppers and eggplant
Another night bloomer is one of the most endearing members of the Nightshade family, Brugmansia, or angel's trumpet.
Tomatoes, white potatoes, red and green bell peppers, the "hot" peppers such as chili and paprika, as well as eggplant belong to the Nightshade Family, a botanical genus called Solanaceae species.
Among the words most likely to whet our appetites or clear our sinuses is aji, also called habanero chili or shrub chili, a fiery berry from the nightshade family, as well as the active ingredient of the "salsa picante de chile habanero.