Ninhydrin Reaction

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ninhydrin Reaction


a color reaction used for the qualitative and quantitative identification of amino acids, imino acids, and amines. Upon heating in an alkaline medium with substances containing primary amino groups (— NH2), ninhydrin (triketohydrindene hydrate, C9H6O4) yields a product with a stable deep blue-violet color, with maximum absorption at about 570 nanometers. Since absorption at this wavelength is a linear function of the number of free amino groups, the ninhydrin reaction is the primary means of quantitative identification of amino groups in colorimetry and spectrophotometry. The ninhydrin reaction is also used to detect secondary amino groups (> NH) in imino acids (proline and hydroxyproline); a bright yellow product is obtained as a result of the test.

The sensitivity of the ninhydrin reaction is up to 0.01 percent. Modern automatic amino-acid analysis is carried out by combining the ion-exchange separation of amino acids and their quantitative identification using the ninhydrin reaction. The reaction is also used to detect each type of amino acid present in quantities no smaller than 2–5 micrograms when techniques of paper chromatography are used to separate mixtures of amino acids.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The AA concentrations in EHs represent not only free AAs but also peptides because the ninhydrin reaction is used to determine free amino and amine groups in AAs, peptides, and proteins [40].
MzcLean, "The ninhydrin reaction with amines and amides," Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.
Besides amino acids, other complex structures such as peptides, peptones and proteins also react positively when subjected to the ninhydrin reaction. The nitrogen is the only portion of the purple anion that is derived from the amino acid.
Therefore it is thought that the difference of removal of protein when washed with the carbon dioxide warm water instead of the tap water is seen as shown from the ninhydrin reaction.
The effect of bicarbonate bubbles on human body is assessed using the following methods: taking into the bubble and eliminate action of lipid, observation of separation of bubble from skin surface, and comparison of protein with tap water using ninhydrin reaction.
Quantitative monitoring of solid-phase peptide synthesis by the ninhydrin reaction. Anal.
The Isolab phenylalanine test kit is a modification of a fluorometric procedure involving a ninhydrin reaction, as published by McCaman and Robins [4].
Although the analytical approach is very conventional, AAs being separated with a cation-exchange resin and their concentration determined with the ninhydrin reaction, the instrument provides for extemporaneous automatic mixing of the detection reagent.
Detection was by spectrophotometry at 570 and 440 nm with the ninhydrin reaction.
Ninhydrin reactions using manual and automated techniques as well as ninhydrin spray reagents are widely used to analyze and characterize amino acids, peptides, and proteins, as well as numerous other ninhydrin-positive compounds in biomedical, clinical, food, forensic, histochemical, microbiological, nutritional, and plant studies [9-11].