Tetryl

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tetryl

[′te·trəl]
(organic chemistry)
(NO2)3C6H2N(NO2)CH3 A yellow, water-insoluble, crystalline explosive material melting at 130°C; used in explosives and ammunition. Also known as tetralite.

Tetryl

 

(or 2, 4, 6-trinitrophenylmethylnitramine), a white crystalline substance that yellows upon exposure to light. Tetryl melts at 129.5°C and has a density of 1.73 g/cm3. It is insoluble in water but dissolves readily in benzene, acetone, and dichloroethane.

Tetryl is obtained by nitration of the sulfate salts of N-methylaniline, N, N-dimethylaniline, or 2,4-dinitro-N-methylaniline. It is a high explosive, with a detonation rate of 7,500 m/sec at a density of 1.63 g/cm3 and a heat of explosion of 4,609 kilojoules per kg, or 1,100 kilocalories per kg. It is used in primers and as a booster explosive.

References in periodicals archive ?
Out of various classes of energetic materials, nitramines are ranked at top due to their high energetic properties and that is why technical application of these energetic materials is always useful [2, 3].
They write for chemists working in the field of energetic materials, and for students and others with an interest in the chemistry of nitramines, nitro compounds, nitrate esters, and nitration in general but who have no background in the chemistry of explosives.
6 Energetic Compounds 2: Nitramines and Their Derivatives.