China does not control, regulate, or monitor certain chemicals known as "pre-precursors" such as benzaldehyde and nitroethane
Table 1: Substances that can cause Methemoglobinemia (4) Inorganic Agents Nitrates, fertilizers, chlorates, copper sulfates --fungicides Organic Agents Amyl Nitrate, Isobutyl Nitrite, Sodium Nitrite, Nitroglycerin, Nitroprusside, Nitric Oxide, Nitrogen Dioxide, Trinitrotoluene, Combustion products Drugs Local Anesthetics: Benzocaine, Lidocaine, Prilocaine Pyridium, Anti-malarials --Primaquine, Chloroquine, Rasburicase, Cyclophosphamide, Ifosfamide, flutamide, Acetaminophen, Acetanilid, Phenacetic, celecoxib, Zopiclone, Methlene Blue (high doses in G6PD-Deficient patients) Antibiotics: Sulfonamides, Nitrofurantoins, P-aminosalicylic acid, Dapsone Industrial/Household Agents Aniline Dyes, Nitrobenzene, naphthalene (moth balls), aminophenol, nitroethane
(nail polish remover)
Everyone in the business knows that nitromethane is an explosive, but many people, including some in the police and security services, haven't cottoned onto nitroethane
yet," said Dr Alford.
Meanwhile, in the outpatient setting, many common agents can cause methemoglobinemia such as: inhalation of industrial fumes from automobile exhaust or the burning of plastics and wood; herbicides and pesticides; industrial chemicals such as petrol octane booster; nitrobenzene; nitroethane
which is found in nail polish; resins and rubber adhesives; and drugs of abuse.
New solvents have been developed that are far less threatening to the environment; these solvents are based on mixtures of isopropyl bromide or n-propyl bromide and 5- to 50-wt% nitromethane or nitroethane
The costs of nitroethane and other components were derived from "price in effect" quotes from Aerojet's suppliers, which are not binding, but merely represent the current price.
During the later stages of price negotiations, Aerojet solicited and received sealed bids for nitroethane from two of its suppliers.
Substance Uses Aniline dyes Laundry inks, markers Benzocaine, lidocaine Local anesthetics Chlorates Matches Isobutyl nitrite Room deodorizers Naphthalene Moth balls Nitrate/nitrite Drinking water, fruits, vegetables, cured meats Nitric oxide Inhalant used to treat pulmonary hypertension in newborns Nitrobenzene Metal cleaners Nitroethane
Nail care products Nitrogen oxides Auto emissions, wood smoke, gas-burning appliances Nitroglycerine Angina drug, explosives Resorcinol Antipruritic, over-the-counter medications Sodium nitrite Pickling salts, boiler conditioners, cleaning solutions Sulfonamides Antibiotics
Flint looked for evidence of "sonoluminescence' in liquids such as dodecane, tetrachloroethylene and nitroethane