nitroethane


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nitroethane

[¦nī·trō′eth‚ān]
(organic chemistry)
CH3CH2NO2 A colorless liquid, slightly soluble in water; boils at 114°C; used as a solvent for cellulosics, resins, waxes, fats, and dyestuffs, and as a chemical intermediate.
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The use of the nitrostyrene method to produce P-2-P, which starts from benzaldehyde and nitroethane, or from the intermediary product 1-phenyl-2-nitropropene, has also been an alternate method used by Mexican drug trafficking organizations in recent years to manufacture the precursor chemicals required to produce methamphetamine.
Mexican traffickers are moving away from the use of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine for the production of methamphetamine, turning instead to processing methamphetamine using ethyl phenyl acetate (and its derivatives), benzaldehyde and nitroethane.
Table 1: Substances that can cause Methemoglobinemia (4) Inorganic Agents Nitrates, fertilizers, chlorates, copper sulfates --fungicides Organic Agents Amyl Nitrate, Isobutyl Nitrite, Sodium Nitrite, Nitroglycerin, Nitroprusside, Nitric Oxide, Nitrogen Dioxide, Trinitrotoluene, Combustion products Drugs Local Anesthetics: Benzocaine, Lidocaine, Prilocaine Pyridium, Anti-malarials --Primaquine, Chloroquine, Rasburicase, Cyclophosphamide, Ifosfamide, flutamide, Acetaminophen, Acetanilid, Phenacetic, celecoxib, Zopiclone, Methlene Blue (high doses in G6PD-Deficient patients) Antibiotics: Sulfonamides, Nitrofurantoins, P-aminosalicylic acid, Dapsone Industrial/Household Agents Aniline Dyes, Nitrobenzene, naphthalene (moth balls), aminophenol, nitroethane (nail polish remover)
ABSTRACT: Catalytic synthesis of 2-aminonitroethane along with electrochemical behaviour of related ethylamine and nitroethane have been reviewed.
In the presence of tin(II) chloride, bromonitromethane reacts with imines derived from aromatic aldehydes and ammonia to yield 2-amino-2-aromatic substituted nitroethane derivatives via an addition reaction in good yields [2].
Everyone in the business knows that nitromethane is an explosive, but many people, including some in the police and security services, haven't cottoned onto nitroethane yet," said Dr Alford.
New solvents have been developed that are far less threatening to the environment; these solvents are based on mixtures of isopropyl bromide or n-propyl bromide and 5- to 50-wt% nitromethane or nitroethane.
The costs of nitroethane and other components were derived from "price in effect" quotes from Aerojet's suppliers, which are not binding, but merely represent the current price.
During the later stages of price negotiations, Aerojet solicited and received sealed bids for nitroethane from two of its suppliers.
Substance Uses Aniline dyes Laundry inks, markers Benzocaine, lidocaine Local anesthetics Chlorates Matches Isobutyl nitrite Room deodorizers Naphthalene Moth balls Nitrate/nitrite Drinking water, fruits, vegetables, cured meats Nitric oxide Inhalant used to treat pulmonary hypertension in newborns Nitrobenzene Metal cleaners Nitroethane Nail care products Nitrogen oxides Auto emissions, wood smoke, gas-burning appliances Nitroglycerine Angina drug, explosives Resorcinol Antipruritic, over-the-counter medications Sodium nitrite Pickling salts, boiler conditioners, cleaning solutions Sulfonamides Antibiotics
Flint looked for evidence of "sonoluminescence' in liquids such as dodecane, tetrachloroethylene and nitroethane.
China does not control, regulate, or monitor certain chemicals known as "pre-precursors" such as benzaldehyde and nitroethane.