nitroethane


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nitroethane

[¦nī·trō′eth‚ān]
(organic chemistry)
CH3CH2NO2 A colorless liquid, slightly soluble in water; boils at 114°C; used as a solvent for cellulosics, resins, waxes, fats, and dyestuffs, and as a chemical intermediate.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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Effects of the methane-inhibitors nitrate, nitroethane, lauric acid, Lauricidin [R] and the Hawaiian marine algae Chaetoceros on ruminal fermentation in vitro.
The use of the nitrostyrene method to produce P-2-P, which starts from benzaldehyde and nitroethane, or from the intermediary product 1-phenyl-2-nitropropene, has also been an alternate method used by Mexican drug trafficking organizations in recent years to manufacture the precursor chemicals required to produce methamphetamine.
The Michael reaction was first investigated by performing a variety of trials using nitroethane (5) and methyl acrylate (4) as model reaction (Scheme 2).
The formation of compound 1 was confirmed by synthesizing the molecule through the condensation of 2, 4, 5-trimethoxy benzaldehyde with nitroethane [30, 31].
Table 1: Substances that can cause Methemoglobinemia (4) Inorganic Agents Nitrates, fertilizers, chlorates, copper sulfates --fungicides Organic Agents Amyl Nitrate, Isobutyl Nitrite, Sodium Nitrite, Nitroglycerin, Nitroprusside, Nitric Oxide, Nitrogen Dioxide, Trinitrotoluene, Combustion products Drugs Local Anesthetics: Benzocaine, Lidocaine, Prilocaine Pyridium, Anti-malarials --Primaquine, Chloroquine, Rasburicase, Cyclophosphamide, Ifosfamide, flutamide, Acetaminophen, Acetanilid, Phenacetic, celecoxib, Zopiclone, Methlene Blue (high doses in G6PD-Deficient patients) Antibiotics: Sulfonamides, Nitrofurantoins, P-aminosalicylic acid, Dapsone Industrial/Household Agents Aniline Dyes, Nitrobenzene, naphthalene (moth balls), aminophenol, nitroethane (nail polish remover)
ABSTRACT: Catalytic synthesis of 2-aminonitroethane along with electrochemical behaviour of related ethylamine and nitroethane have been reviewed.
"Everyone in the business knows that nitromethane is an explosive, but many people, including some in the police and security services, haven't cottoned onto nitroethane yet," said Dr Alford.
New solvents have been developed that are far less threatening to the environment; these solvents are based on mixtures of isopropyl bromide or n-propyl bromide and 5- to 50-wt% nitromethane or nitroethane. Nmethyl pyrrolidone further improves their solvent action.
During price negotiations, Aerojet had presented the government a cost of $1.98 per pound for nitroethane, the primary component of nitroplasticizer.
Substance Uses Aniline dyes Laundry inks, markers Benzocaine, lidocaine Local anesthetics Chlorates Matches Isobutyl nitrite Room deodorizers Naphthalene Moth balls Nitrate/nitrite Drinking water, fruits, vegetables, cured meats Nitric oxide Inhalant used to treat pulmonary hypertension in newborns Nitrobenzene Metal cleaners Nitroethane Nail care products Nitrogen oxides Auto emissions, wood smoke, gas-burning appliances Nitroglycerine Angina drug, explosives Resorcinol Antipruritic, over-the-counter medications Sodium nitrite Pickling salts, boiler conditioners, cleaning solutions Sulfonamides Antibiotics
Flint looked for evidence of "sonoluminescence' in liquids such as dodecane, tetrachloroethylene and nitroethane.
Effects of the methane-inhibitors nitrate, nitroethane, lauric acid, Lauricidin and the Hawaiian marine algae Chaetoceros on ruminal fermentation in vitro.