It is clearly seen that only admittance of the lines, the ZIP load coefficients and local information, such as node voltage
, present reactive power generation are needed to calculate the gradient.
In study of a NAND structure, for every input combination except A = B = 1 the output node voltage
will follow in the clock.
The solved system calculates all network node voltage
probability distributions which can be analyzed for power quality.
With no sharing dead time circuit of the boost converter synchronous rectifier, the switch node voltage
can be allowed to fully commutate to get ZVS turn-on of Q3 at the chosen operating point with a dead time of approximately 40 ns.
The solved node voltage
sequence (NVS) is used to determine correspondence vertices of two isomorphism identification kinematic chains.
After an ear is found, it is augmented to the blue tree and red tree in the way specified in the following ear augmentation rule, and the voltage values will be assigned to the nodes of the ear according to the following node voltage
The impedance here is the ratio of actual node voltage
change to the total dynamic current drawn by ICs at any frequency point.
Also, we observe that the positive node voltage
magnitude for case without MOA blocks can be higher than input surge magnitude by approximately 25% due to voltage oscillations.
At higher speed, the back-EMF influences the center node voltage
Thevenin equivalents and node voltage
for two-node scenario:
N+1] is the discretization node voltage
function at the fictitious layer  which will be found from the equation (21).
The derived expressions allow to evaluate dependence of limit values of voltage and power Pgh on the angle [theta] at the node, Thevenin impedance and connection node voltage