nomad

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nomad

(nō`măd'), one of a group of people without fixed habitation, especially pastoralists. (Some authorities prefer the terms "nonsedentary" or "migratory" rather than "nomadic" to describe mobile hunter-gatherers.) Wandering herders living in tents still occupy sections of Asia, and the hunting groups of the Far North, including the Eskimo, still predominate in much of the arctic and subarctic regions; parts of Africa and Australia are also peopled with nomadic groups. Although nomadism has been a way of life for many groups, it is on the decline. Besides the herders and the hunters and fishers, there are nomadic groups that move about in search of seasonal wild plants as food (such as the camass bulb formerly sought by the Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest and the wild rice gathered in the Great Lakes region). Peoples who move seasonally but have permanent homes for part of the year are said to be seminomadic; there have been seminomadic peoples of various types throughout history. The term semisedentary is applied to traditional populations who practice slash-and-burn agriculture in tropical forest clearings and are forced to move their villages periodically due to the soil exhaustion. Nomadic groups are generally organized in tribal units, and usually the adult males are closely knit into war bands in order to establish territorial rights over the area within which a group migrates. The incursions of nomads into settled civilizations marked the early history of ancient Egypt and Babylonia and reached their height with the great Mongol invasions of W Asia and Europe in the 13th, 14th, and early 15th cent., notably under Jenghiz KhanJenghiz Khan
or Genghis Khan
, Mongolian Chinggis Khaan, 1167?–1227, Mongol conqueror, originally named Temujin. He succeeded his father, Yekusai, as chieftain of a Mongol tribe and then fought to become ruler of a Mongol confederacy.
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 and TimurTimur
or Tamerlane
, c.1336–1405, Mongol conqueror, b. Kesh, near Samarkand. He is also called Timur Leng [Timur the lame]. He was the son of a tribal leader, and he claimed (apparently for the first time in 1370) to be a descendant of Jenghiz Khan.
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. Formerly efforts were made to generalize about nomads and find a common denominator among such diverse cultures as those of the North American Plains tribes, the BedouinBedouin
[Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see Arabs) and share with them a devout belief in Islam and a distrust
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 of Arabia, and the RomaniRomani
or Romany
, people known historically in English as Gypsies and their language.

1 A traditionally nomadic people with particular folkways and a unique language, found on every continent; they are sometimes also called Roma, from the name of a major
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 (Gypsies), but these have largely been abandoned in favor of studying each culture as a unit. Even the idea that nomadism represents a transition from the Neolithic hunter to the sedentary farmer is not accepted as valid. There are instances of peoples who have abandoned farming and have become nomads, e.g., those Native Americans of the Great Plains who forsook their farms to hunt bison, after the horse had been introduced.

NOMAD

[′nō‚mad]

nomad

a member of a people or tribe who move from place to place to find pasture and food

NOMAD

(language, database)
A database language.

Version: NOMAD2 from Must Software International.

["NOMAD Reference Manual", Form 1004, National CSS Inc, Dec 1976].

NOMAD

A relational DBMS for IBM mainframes, PCs and VAXes from Select Business Solutions, Trumbull, CT (www.selectbs.com). Introduced in the mid-1970s, it was one of the first database systems to provide a non-procedural language for data manipulation. NOMAD can also access data on Oracle, Sybase, DB2 and other databases. Former corporate owners of NOMAD include Thomson Software and the Gores Technology Group.
References in periodicals archive ?
And implicit in the NCTE discussion is an enhanced role for higher education and certainly for honors programs and colleges as sites of development for multiply literate, nomadically adept, engaged critical thinkers.
While the herbivore (plant eater) generally roam nomadically in flocks (groups) throughout Australian grasslands, desert areas, and savannas, emu farming has become a booming industry in the U.
It'll take many more imachinations of restlessly and nomadically swerving `war machines' to get to that kind of peace and calm.
Like signification itself, blues are always nomadically wandering.
Our editorial office is in New York and business office in Annandale-on-Hudson, at Bard College, but everything else about the journal moves nomadically.
The aim is to enable users to witness how the agents for such instability, theory-constitutive metaphors, swarm nomadically across disciplinary matrices, forming rhizomes that cut across disciplinary boundaries and in the process form new kinds of structures.
197] Such bands were generally comprised of twenty-five to thirty-five persons and subsisted nomadically on wild plants and animals.
For the past 20 years, I have lived nomadically, attending four colleges in four states and working in at least eight states.
Our observations concur with hypotheses that rough-legged hawks nomadically search for nesting territories and exploit areas near the limits of their breeding range during such years.
A lot of the stuff was prelog-cabin, when people lived nomadically, hunting in the summer, trapping in the winter, fishing the salmon run in the fall.
His schizopoetics moves nomadically across the surface of the earth through a space where "the metaphors / are a luminous blink / like the straddle of firewalkers.