Second, the extension of the nomenklatura
over the national economy reduces ex ante the capacity of enterprises to perform, especially given the effect of negative selection to managerial posts on enterprise performance (assuming that managers could choose among various production options).
The workings of the Lithuanian nomenklatura
, and in particular its use of personal relations, provide an opportunity to look more thoroughly into all-union politics from the local perspective.
In the wider world, a major part of the problem has been that the globalist nomenklatura
is indelibly associated with the massive distortions of wealth apparent over the past twenty years or so.
Die "neue" und besonders korrupte politische Elite, die sich von heut auf morgen in "Ex-Kommunisten" verwandelt hatte, waren die "neu- alten" Machthaber Rumaniens, da die Macht "nicht den jungen Leuten' zufiel, sondern der,zweiten Generation'--der alten Nomenklatura
, die letztlich den Sieg der Wende davon getragen hat", da die "die kommunistische Partei nicht aufgelost wurde, sondern binnen ein paar Stunden einfach verschwand." (24) In Rumanien gab es folglich, besonders auf politischer Ebene, keinen eigentlichen "Bruch" oder eine "Wende" und schon gar keinen "Sieg" einer Opposition, wie es in den anderen Ostblockstaaten nach 1989 der Fall war, da die Staatsapparatur vorwiegend in den Handen derselben kommunistischen Fuhrunsgselite geblieben ist.
As a ruling class, the party nomenklatura
did not totally control the means of production in an ownership sense.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- The much-anticipated political reforms in Turkey as part of recently rejuvenated talks with the European Union in the post-election period that followed a serious backslide on rights and freedoms will be rendered irrelevant and meaningless as long as the current Islamist rulers maintain the nomenklatura
system that is based on the ideology of the personality cult of President Recep Tayyip Erdoy-an.
The fear and loathing Mr Corbyn has provoked in the top echelons of the Labour Party has been a constant source of mirth as the nomenklatura
of the ever rightwards drifting "Labour" Party scuttle around wringing their hands and gnashing their teeth.
Bulgaria and Romania went through the motions of renouncing communism after the fall of the Berlin Wall, but the reforms were cosmetic, and most of the party nomenklatura
managed to cling on.
Both authors argue that in the aftermath of the collapse of communist institutional structure, members of the nomenklatura
were able to use their political influence to accumulate wealth.
Meanwhile, during the same decade, the Communist nomenklatura
Looking to its own future de facto began to privatize the economy in its own interest.